Objectives- To evaluate the clinical efficacy and feasibility of an expiratory muscle training (EMT) device (Respilift™) applied to patients recovering from recent open cardio-thoracic surgery (CTS). Design- Prospective, double-blind, 14-day randomised-controlled trial. Participants and setting- 60 inpatients recovering from recent CTS and early admitted to a pulmonary rehabilitation program. Interventions- Chest physiotherapy plus EMT with a resistive load of 30 cm H2O for active group and chest physiotherapy plus EMT with a sham load for control group. Measures- Changes in maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) was considered as primary outcome, while maximal inspiratory pressures (MIP), dynamic and static lung volumes, oxygenation, perceived symptoms of dyspnoea, thoracic pain and well being (evaluated by visual analogic scale-VAS) and general health status were considered secondary outcomes. Results- All outcomes recorded showed significant improvements in both groups; however, the change of MEP (+34.2 mmHg, p<0.001 and +26.1%, p<0.001 for absolute and % of predicted, respectively) was significantly higher in Active group. Also VAS-dyspnoea improved faster and more significantly (p<0.05) at day 12 and 14 in Active group when compared with Control. The drop out rate was 6%, without differences between groups. Conclusions- In patients recovering from recent CTS specific EMT by Respilift™ is feasible and effective.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Titolo:||Respiratory muscle training in patients recovering recent open cardio-thoracic surgery: a randomized-controlled trial.|
|Autori:||E.Crisafulli; E.Venturelli; G.Siscaro; F.Florini; A.Papetti; D.Lugli; M.Cerulli; E.Clini|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1155/2013/354276|
|Pagina iniziale:||Article ID 354276|
|Pagina finale:||7 pages|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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