AIM: To investigate the ability of human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cells to differentiate into insulin-producing cells. METHODS: Human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cells were induced to differentiate into pancreatic β-cells by a multistep protocol. Islet-like structures were assessed in differentiated human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cells after 21 days of culture by dithizone staining. Pancreatic and duodenal homebox-1, insulin and Glut-2 expression were detected by immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. Insulin secreted from differentiated cells was tested with SELDI-TOF MS and by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cells, after 7 days of differentiation started to form islet-like structures that became evident after 14 days of induction. SELDI-TOF MS analysis, revealed the presence of insulin in the media of differentiated cells at day 14, further confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay after 7, 14 and 21 days. Both stem cell types expressed, after differentiation, pancreatic and duodenal homebox-1, insulin and Glut-2 and were positively stained by dithizone. Either the cytosol to nucleus translocation of pancreatic and duodenal homebox-1, either the expression of insulin, are regulated by glucose concentration changes. Day 21 islet-like structures derived from both human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cell release insulin in a glucose-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates the ability of human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cell to differentiate into insulin-producing cells, offering a non-pancreatic, low-invasive source of cells for islet regeneration.

In vitro differentiation into insulin-producing β-cells of stem cells isolated from human amniotic fluid and dental pulp / Carnevale, Gianluca; Riccio, Massimo; Pisciotta, Alessandra; Beretti, Francesca; Maraldi, Tullia; Zavatti, Manuela; Cavallini, Gian Maria; LA SALA, Giovanni Battista; Ferrari, Adriano; DE POL, Anto. - In: DIGESTIVE AND LIVER DISEASE. - ISSN 1590-8658. - STAMPA. - 45(8)(2013), pp. 669-676. [10.1016/j.dld.2013.02.007]

In vitro differentiation into insulin-producing β-cells of stem cells isolated from human amniotic fluid and dental pulp.

CARNEVALE, Gianluca;RICCIO, Massimo;PISCIOTTA, ALESSANDRA;BERETTI, Francesca;MARALDI, Tullia;ZAVATTI, Manuela;CAVALLINI, Gian Maria;LA SALA, Giovanni Battista;FERRARI, Adriano;DE POL, Anto
2013

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the ability of human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cells to differentiate into insulin-producing cells. METHODS: Human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cells were induced to differentiate into pancreatic β-cells by a multistep protocol. Islet-like structures were assessed in differentiated human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cells after 21 days of culture by dithizone staining. Pancreatic and duodenal homebox-1, insulin and Glut-2 expression were detected by immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. Insulin secreted from differentiated cells was tested with SELDI-TOF MS and by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cells, after 7 days of differentiation started to form islet-like structures that became evident after 14 days of induction. SELDI-TOF MS analysis, revealed the presence of insulin in the media of differentiated cells at day 14, further confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay after 7, 14 and 21 days. Both stem cell types expressed, after differentiation, pancreatic and duodenal homebox-1, insulin and Glut-2 and were positively stained by dithizone. Either the cytosol to nucleus translocation of pancreatic and duodenal homebox-1, either the expression of insulin, are regulated by glucose concentration changes. Day 21 islet-like structures derived from both human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cell release insulin in a glucose-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates the ability of human amniotic fluid stem cells and human dental pulp stem cell to differentiate into insulin-producing cells, offering a non-pancreatic, low-invasive source of cells for islet regeneration.
45(8)
669
676
In vitro differentiation into insulin-producing β-cells of stem cells isolated from human amniotic fluid and dental pulp / Carnevale, Gianluca; Riccio, Massimo; Pisciotta, Alessandra; Beretti, Francesca; Maraldi, Tullia; Zavatti, Manuela; Cavallini, Gian Maria; LA SALA, Giovanni Battista; Ferrari, Adriano; DE POL, Anto. - In: DIGESTIVE AND LIVER DISEASE. - ISSN 1590-8658. - STAMPA. - 45(8)(2013), pp. 669-676. [10.1016/j.dld.2013.02.007]
Carnevale, Gianluca; Riccio, Massimo; Pisciotta, Alessandra; Beretti, Francesca; Maraldi, Tullia; Zavatti, Manuela; Cavallini, Gian Maria; LA SALA, Giovanni Battista; Ferrari, Adriano; DE POL, Anto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/946695
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