Lipid-based particulate delivery systems have been extensively investigated in the last decade for both pharmaceutical and cosmetic skin application although their translocation across the skin is not yet clarified. The aim of this paper was to investigate on humans the ability of Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLN) and Solid Lipid Microparticles (SLM) to penetrate the outermost stratum corneum (SC) and to be modified upon contact with the cutaneous components by using the Tape Stripping Test coupled with the Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. SLN and SLM were prepared by the melt emulsification technique and loaded with nanosized titanium dioxide (TiO2) to become identifiable by means of X-ray emission. Following human skin application, the translocation of the particulate systems was monitored by the analysis of twelve repetitive stripped tapes using non-encapsulated metal dioxide as the control. Intact SLN as well as non-encapsulated TiO2 were recorded along the largest SC openings until the 12th stripped tape suggesting the intercluster region as their main pathway. Evidences of a concurrent biodegradation process of the lipid matrix, as the result of SLN interaction with the lipid packing between the corneocyte clusters, were found in the deepest SC layers considered. On the contrary, SLM were retained on the skin surface without undergoing biodegradation so preventing the leaching and the subsequent SC translocation of the loaded TiO2.

In vivo detection of lipid-based nano- and microparticles in the outermost human stratum corneum by EDX analysis / Iannuccelli, Valentina; Coppi, Gilberto; Romagnoli, Marcello; Sergi, Santo; Leo, Eliana Grazia. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 0378-5173. - STAMPA. - 447:(2013), pp. 204-212. [10.1016/j.ijpharm.2013.03.002]

In vivo detection of lipid-based nano- and microparticles in the outermost human stratum corneum by EDX analysis

IANNUCCELLI, Valentina;COPPI, Gilberto;ROMAGNOLI, Marcello;SERGI, Santo;LEO, Eliana Grazia
2013

Abstract

Lipid-based particulate delivery systems have been extensively investigated in the last decade for both pharmaceutical and cosmetic skin application although their translocation across the skin is not yet clarified. The aim of this paper was to investigate on humans the ability of Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLN) and Solid Lipid Microparticles (SLM) to penetrate the outermost stratum corneum (SC) and to be modified upon contact with the cutaneous components by using the Tape Stripping Test coupled with the Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. SLN and SLM were prepared by the melt emulsification technique and loaded with nanosized titanium dioxide (TiO2) to become identifiable by means of X-ray emission. Following human skin application, the translocation of the particulate systems was monitored by the analysis of twelve repetitive stripped tapes using non-encapsulated metal dioxide as the control. Intact SLN as well as non-encapsulated TiO2 were recorded along the largest SC openings until the 12th stripped tape suggesting the intercluster region as their main pathway. Evidences of a concurrent biodegradation process of the lipid matrix, as the result of SLN interaction with the lipid packing between the corneocyte clusters, were found in the deepest SC layers considered. On the contrary, SLM were retained on the skin surface without undergoing biodegradation so preventing the leaching and the subsequent SC translocation of the loaded TiO2.
447
204
212
In vivo detection of lipid-based nano- and microparticles in the outermost human stratum corneum by EDX analysis / Iannuccelli, Valentina; Coppi, Gilberto; Romagnoli, Marcello; Sergi, Santo; Leo, Eliana Grazia. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 0378-5173. - STAMPA. - 447:(2013), pp. 204-212. [10.1016/j.ijpharm.2013.03.002]
Iannuccelli, Valentina; Coppi, Gilberto; Romagnoli, Marcello; Sergi, Santo; Leo, Eliana Grazia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/925489
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