Background: The activation of autophagy has been extensively described as a pro-survival strategy, which helps to keep cells alive following deprivation of nutrients/growth factors and other stressful cellular conditions. In addition to cytoprotective effects, autophagy can accompany cell death. Autophagic vacuoles can be observed before or during cell death, but the role of autophagy in the death process is still controversial. A complex interplay between autophagy and apoptosis has come to light, taking into account that numerous genes, such as p53 and Bcl-2 family members, are shared between these two pathways. Methodology/Principal Findings: In this study we showed a potent and irreversible cytotoxic activity of the stable Curcumin derivative bis-DeHydroxyCurcumin (bDHC) on human colon cancer cells, but not on human normal cells. Autophagy is elicited by bDHC before cell death as demonstrated by increased autophagosome formation -measured by electron microscopy, fluorescent LC3 puncta and LC3 lipidation- and autophagic flux -measured by interfering LC3-II turnover. The accumulation of poly-ubiquitinated proteins and ER-stress occurred upstream of autophagy induction and resulted in cell death. Cell cycle and Western blot analyses highlighted the activation of a mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis, which involves caspase 7, 8, 9 and Cytochrome C release. Using pharmacological inhibitions and RNAi experiments, we showed that ER-stress induced autophagy has a major role in triggering bDHC-cell death. Conclusion/Significance: Our findings describe the mechanism through which bDHC promotes tumor selective inhibition of proliferation, providing unequivocal evidence of the role of autophagy in contrasting the proliferation of colon cancer cells.

bis-Dehydroxy-Curcumin Triggers Mitochondrial-Associated Cell Death in Human Colon Cancer Cells through ER-Stress Induced Autophagy / Basile, Valentina; Belluti, Silvia; Ferrari, Erika; Gozzoli, C; Ganassi, Sonia; Quaglino, Daniela; Saladini, Monica; Imbriano, Carol. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 8:1(2013), pp. 1-18. [10.1371/journal.pone.0053664]

bis-Dehydroxy-Curcumin Triggers Mitochondrial-Associated Cell Death in Human Colon Cancer Cells through ER-Stress Induced Autophagy.

BASILE, Valentina;BELLUTI, SILVIA;FERRARI, Erika;GANASSI, Sonia;QUAGLINO, Daniela;SALADINI, Monica;IMBRIANO, Carol
2013

Abstract

Background: The activation of autophagy has been extensively described as a pro-survival strategy, which helps to keep cells alive following deprivation of nutrients/growth factors and other stressful cellular conditions. In addition to cytoprotective effects, autophagy can accompany cell death. Autophagic vacuoles can be observed before or during cell death, but the role of autophagy in the death process is still controversial. A complex interplay between autophagy and apoptosis has come to light, taking into account that numerous genes, such as p53 and Bcl-2 family members, are shared between these two pathways. Methodology/Principal Findings: In this study we showed a potent and irreversible cytotoxic activity of the stable Curcumin derivative bis-DeHydroxyCurcumin (bDHC) on human colon cancer cells, but not on human normal cells. Autophagy is elicited by bDHC before cell death as demonstrated by increased autophagosome formation -measured by electron microscopy, fluorescent LC3 puncta and LC3 lipidation- and autophagic flux -measured by interfering LC3-II turnover. The accumulation of poly-ubiquitinated proteins and ER-stress occurred upstream of autophagy induction and resulted in cell death. Cell cycle and Western blot analyses highlighted the activation of a mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis, which involves caspase 7, 8, 9 and Cytochrome C release. Using pharmacological inhibitions and RNAi experiments, we showed that ER-stress induced autophagy has a major role in triggering bDHC-cell death. Conclusion/Significance: Our findings describe the mechanism through which bDHC promotes tumor selective inhibition of proliferation, providing unequivocal evidence of the role of autophagy in contrasting the proliferation of colon cancer cells.
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bis-Dehydroxy-Curcumin Triggers Mitochondrial-Associated Cell Death in Human Colon Cancer Cells through ER-Stress Induced Autophagy / Basile, Valentina; Belluti, Silvia; Ferrari, Erika; Gozzoli, C; Ganassi, Sonia; Quaglino, Daniela; Saladini, Monica; Imbriano, Carol. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 8:1(2013), pp. 1-18. [10.1371/journal.pone.0053664]
Basile, Valentina; Belluti, Silvia; Ferrari, Erika; Gozzoli, C; Ganassi, Sonia; Quaglino, Daniela; Saladini, Monica; Imbriano, Carol
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/914489
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