PURPOSE: There is a lot of inter-individual variation in the rotational anatomy of the distal femur. This study was set up to define the rotational anatomy of the distal femur in the osteo-arthritic knee and to investigate its relationship with the overall coronal alignment and gender. METHODS: CT-scans of 231 patients with end-stage knee osteo-arthritis prior to TKA surgery were obtained. This represents the biggest series published on rational geometry of the distal femur in literature so far. RESULTS: The posterior condylar line (PCL) was on average 1.6° (SD 1.9) internally rotated relative to the surgical transepicondylar axis (sTEA). The perpendicular to trochlear anteroposterior axis (⊥TRAx) was on average 4.8° (SD 3.3°) externally rotated relative to the sTEA. The relationship between the PCL and the sTEA was statistically different in the different coronal alignment groups (p < 0.001): 1.0° (SD 1.8°) in varus knees, 2.1° (SD 1.8°) in neutral knees and 2.6° (SD 1.8°) in valgus knees. The same was true for the ⊥TRAx in these 3 groups (p < 0.02).There was a clear linear relationship between the overall coronal alignment and the rotational geometry of the distal femur. For every 1° in coronal alignment increment from varus to valgus, there is a 0.1° increment in posterior condylar angle (PCL vs sTEA). CONCLUSION: The PCL was on average 1.6° internally rotated relative to the sTEA in the osteo-arthritic knee. The relationship between the PCL and the sTEA was statistically different in the different coronal alignment groups.

Coronal alignment is a predictor of the rotational geometry of the distal femur in the osteo-arthritic knee / Luyckx, T; Zambianchi, F; Catani, Fabio; Bellemans, J; Victor, J.. - In: KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY. - ISSN 0942-2056. - ELETTRONICO. - 21(10):(2013), pp. 2331-2337. [10.1007/s00167-012-2306-x]

Coronal alignment is a predictor of the rotational geometry of the distal femur in the osteo-arthritic knee.

Zambianchi F;CATANI, Fabio;
2013

Abstract

PURPOSE: There is a lot of inter-individual variation in the rotational anatomy of the distal femur. This study was set up to define the rotational anatomy of the distal femur in the osteo-arthritic knee and to investigate its relationship with the overall coronal alignment and gender. METHODS: CT-scans of 231 patients with end-stage knee osteo-arthritis prior to TKA surgery were obtained. This represents the biggest series published on rational geometry of the distal femur in literature so far. RESULTS: The posterior condylar line (PCL) was on average 1.6° (SD 1.9) internally rotated relative to the surgical transepicondylar axis (sTEA). The perpendicular to trochlear anteroposterior axis (⊥TRAx) was on average 4.8° (SD 3.3°) externally rotated relative to the sTEA. The relationship between the PCL and the sTEA was statistically different in the different coronal alignment groups (p < 0.001): 1.0° (SD 1.8°) in varus knees, 2.1° (SD 1.8°) in neutral knees and 2.6° (SD 1.8°) in valgus knees. The same was true for the ⊥TRAx in these 3 groups (p < 0.02).There was a clear linear relationship between the overall coronal alignment and the rotational geometry of the distal femur. For every 1° in coronal alignment increment from varus to valgus, there is a 0.1° increment in posterior condylar angle (PCL vs sTEA). CONCLUSION: The PCL was on average 1.6° internally rotated relative to the sTEA in the osteo-arthritic knee. The relationship between the PCL and the sTEA was statistically different in the different coronal alignment groups.
21(10)
2331
2337
Coronal alignment is a predictor of the rotational geometry of the distal femur in the osteo-arthritic knee / Luyckx, T; Zambianchi, F; Catani, Fabio; Bellemans, J; Victor, J.. - In: KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY. - ISSN 0942-2056. - ELETTRONICO. - 21(10):(2013), pp. 2331-2337. [10.1007/s00167-012-2306-x]
Luyckx, T; Zambianchi, F; Catani, Fabio; Bellemans, J; Victor, J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/914292
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