Lipid peroxidation and organelle dysfunction are important factors in hepatic iron toxicity. The form of the intracellular iron responsible for these abnormalities is still unknown. In order to investigate the iron species inducing cell injury, the level of chelatable iron in the liver mitochondria isolated from rats fed a 2.5% carbonyl iron diet for 12 weeks was measured by EPR spectroscopy. The presence of lipid peroxidation products and the energy transducing capability of the mitochondrial inner membrane was evaluated in parallel. The total iron concentration in the liver mitochondria from iron fed rats progressively increased up to 6 weeks, almost reaching a steady-state. By contrast the level of chelatable iron in mitochondrial fraction transiently increased at about 3-6 weeks of treatment. The induction of lipid peroxidation and a large decrease of ATP occurred at the same time. The enhancement of the energy dissipating calcium cycling was in parallel revealed by studying the mitochondria membrane potential. These results gave experimental evidence to the proposal that the chelatable iron level plays a critical role in initiating organelle dysfunction, at least in this experimental model.

The role of desferrioxamine chelatable iron in rat liver mitochondrial dysfunction in chronic dietary iron overload / Ceccarelli, D; Kozlov, Av; Gallesi, D; Tomasi, Aldo; Giovannini, F; Masini, A.. - In: BIOELECTROCHEMISTRY AND BIOENERGETICS. - ISSN 0302-4598. - STAMPA. - 42:(1997), pp. 169-174.

The role of desferrioxamine chelatable iron in rat liver mitochondrial dysfunction in chronic dietary iron overload

TOMASI, Aldo;
1997

Abstract

Lipid peroxidation and organelle dysfunction are important factors in hepatic iron toxicity. The form of the intracellular iron responsible for these abnormalities is still unknown. In order to investigate the iron species inducing cell injury, the level of chelatable iron in the liver mitochondria isolated from rats fed a 2.5% carbonyl iron diet for 12 weeks was measured by EPR spectroscopy. The presence of lipid peroxidation products and the energy transducing capability of the mitochondrial inner membrane was evaluated in parallel. The total iron concentration in the liver mitochondria from iron fed rats progressively increased up to 6 weeks, almost reaching a steady-state. By contrast the level of chelatable iron in mitochondrial fraction transiently increased at about 3-6 weeks of treatment. The induction of lipid peroxidation and a large decrease of ATP occurred at the same time. The enhancement of the energy dissipating calcium cycling was in parallel revealed by studying the mitochondria membrane potential. These results gave experimental evidence to the proposal that the chelatable iron level plays a critical role in initiating organelle dysfunction, at least in this experimental model.
42
169
174
The role of desferrioxamine chelatable iron in rat liver mitochondrial dysfunction in chronic dietary iron overload / Ceccarelli, D; Kozlov, Av; Gallesi, D; Tomasi, Aldo; Giovannini, F; Masini, A.. - In: BIOELECTROCHEMISTRY AND BIOENERGETICS. - ISSN 0302-4598. - STAMPA. - 42:(1997), pp. 169-174.
Ceccarelli, D; Kozlov, Av; Gallesi, D; Tomasi, Aldo; Giovannini, F; Masini, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/8940
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