A synthetic-computational approach to the study of the binding site of peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PER) ligands related to 1-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1-methylpropyl)-3- isoquinolinecarboxamide (PK11195, 1) within their receptor has been developed. A wide series of conformationally restrained derivatives of 1 has been designed with the aim of probing the PER binding site systematically. The synthesis of these compounds involves palladium-catalyzed coupling and amidation as the key steps. Twenty-nine rigid and semirigid derivatives of 1 were tested in binding studies using [H-3]-1, and most of these showed PER affinities in the nanomolar range. The essential role of the carbonyl moiety as a primary pharmacophoric element in the recognition by and the binding to PER has been confirmed, and the restricted range of the carbonyl orientations, which characterizes the most potent ligands, points to a specific hydrogen-bonding interaction, mainly directed by the geometrical factors, when the electronic ones are fulfilled. Moreover, the fundamental importance of the short-range dispersive interactions in the modulation of the binding affinity and, hence, in the stabilization of the ligand-receptor complex, emerged from the QSAR models reported.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Titolo:||Mapping the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor binding site by conformationally restrained derivatives of 1-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1-methylpropyl)-3-isoquinolinecarboxamide (PK11195)|
|Autori:||Cappelli A; Anzini M; Vomero S; DeBenedetti PG; Menziani MC; Giorgi G; Manzoni C|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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