In human keratinocytes cultured in conditions which allow differentiation and stratification and which are suitable to reconstitute a fully functional epidermis, the integrin alpha 6 beta 4 and two members of the beta 1 integrin family (alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1) were polarized to the basal and lateral domains of the plasma membrane both in growing colonies and in the reconstituted epidermis. Conversely, alpha v beta 5 integrin was expressed at the basal surface in growing and migrating but not in stationary keratinocytes. The integrin alpha 6 beta 4 was organized in patches and spots corresponding to F-actin-free submembraneous areas and did not colocalize to focal contacts; moreover, alpha 6 beta 4 colocalized with patches of laminin deposited underneath the ventral membrane of individual cells. The two beta 1 laminin receptor integrins (alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1) were never found in the basal domain but matched the lateral position of vinculin (but not talin), cingulin and desmoplakins. Only the integrin complex alpha v beta 5 was associated with talin- and vinculin-containing focal adhesions mostly in the peripheral cells of expanding keratinocyte colonies and in coincidence with fibronectin strands. The topography of beta 1 and beta 4 integrins reflects a functional role in adhesion and in the maintenance of the state of aggregation of cultured keratinocytes since lateral aggregation was impaired by antibodies to beta 1 whereas antibodies to beta 4 prevented cell-matrix adhesion.
Structural and functional studies of integrin receptors in cultured human keratinocytes / Marchisio, PIER CARLO; Cancedda, R.; DE LUCA, Michele. - In: CELL DIFFERENTIATION. - ISSN 0045-6039. - STAMPA. - 32:(1990), pp. 355-360.