Labial glands of the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta (Lepidoptera: Sphingiidae), homologues of Drosophila salivary glands, undergo programmed cell death (PCD) in a 4-day period during larva-to-pupa metamorphosis. The programmed death of the labial gland was examined by electron microscopy and measurement of protein synthesis as well as measurement of DNA synthesis, end-labeling of single strand breaks, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. One of the earliest changes observed is a sharp drop in synthesis of most proteins, coup ed with synthesis of a glycine-rich protein, reminiscent of silk-like proteins. From a morphological standpoint, during the earliest phases the most prominent changes are the formation of small autophagic vacuoles containing ribosomes and an apparent focal dissolution of the membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum, whereas later changes include differing destruction at the lumenal and basal surfaces of the cell and erosion of the basement membrane. By the fourth day of metamorphosis, individual cells become rapidly vacuolated in a cell-independent manner. In the vacuolated cells on day 3, chromatin begins to coalesce. it is at this period that unequivocal nucleosomal ladders are seen and end-labeling in situ or electrophoretic techniques document single or double-strand breaks, respectively DNA synthesis ceases shortly after the molt to the fifth instar, as detected by incorporation of tritiated thymidine and weak TUNEL labeling. Large size fragments of DNA are seen shortly after DNA synthesis ceases and thence throughout the instar, raising the possibility of potential limitations built into the cells before their final collapse.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Titolo:||Protein synthesis, DNA degradation, and morphological changes during programmed cell death in labial glands of Manduca sexta|
|Autori:||Jochova J; Quaglino D; Zakeri Z; Woo K; Sikorska M; Weaver V; Lockshin RA|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
File in questo prodotto:
I documenti presenti in Iris Unimore sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 3.0 Italia, salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris