Microwaves at 2·45 GHz have been used to ignite the self-propagating high temperature synthesis of Ni and Al powder mixtures (50:50 at-%) to produce a duplex intermetallic coating on Ti substrates. Owing to the high β-NiAl synthesis reaction enthalpy and the energy provided by the electromagnetic field, the newly formed aluminide is in the liquid phase. Thus, it can react with the underlying Ti substrate, forming a ternary eutectic at the interface, belonging to the Ni‐Al‐Ti system. The peculiar interlocking microstructure of such ternary layer is responsible for an increase in toughness and hardness compared to the parent NiAl coating. Moreover, the ternary layer’s oxidation resistance was tested, showing the possibility of replacing the functionality of hard and brittle NiAl, but limitedly up to 750°C. This can be ascribed to the relatively low Al content in the ternary layer, which hinders the formation of a continuous and protective Al2O3 scale. For this reason, the increase in Al content, or the addition of further elements such as Cr or Si, in the starting powder mixture, helps improve the oxidation resistance of the complex intermetallic coating at the interface, up to the tested temperature of 900°C.
Ni-Al-Ti coatings obtained by microwave assisted combustion synthesis / Rosa, Roberto; Veronesi, Paolo; Poli, Giorgio; Leonelli, Cristina; Corradi, Anna; A., Casagrande; I., Boromei. - In: SURFACE ENGINEERING. - ISSN 0267-0844. - STAMPA. - 28:(2012), pp. 91-95. [10.1179/1743294411Y.0000000046]