Results of recent epidemiologic studies suggest the need to reassess the safe upper limit in drinking water of selenium, a metalloid with both toxicological and nutritional properties. Observational and experimental human studies on health effects of organic selenium compounds consumed through diet or supplements, and of inorganic selenium consumed through drinking water, have shown that human toxicity may occur at much lower concentrations than previously surmised. Evidence indicates that the chemical form of selenium strongly influences its toxicity, and that its biological activity may differ in different species, emphasizing the importance of the few human studies on health effects of the specific selenium compounds found in drinking water. Epidemiologic studies that investigated the effects of selenate, an inorganic selenium species commonly found in drinking water, together with evidence of toxicity of inorganic selenium at low levels in vitro and in animal studies, indicate that health risks may occur at exposures below the current European Union and World Health Organization upper limit and guideline of 10 and 40 µg/l, respectively, and suggest reduction to 1 µg/l in order to adequately protect human health. Although few drinking waters are currently known to have selenium levels exceeding this level, the public health importance of this issue should not be overlooked, and further epidemiologic research is critically needed in this area.

The need for a reassessment of the safe upper limit of selenium in drinking water / Vinceti, Marco; C. M., Crespi; Bonvicini, Francesca; Malagoli, Carlotta; M., Ferrante; Marmiroli, Sandra; S., Stranges. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - STAMPA. - 443:(2013), pp. 633-642. [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.11.025]

The need for a reassessment of the safe upper limit of selenium in drinking water

VINCETI, Marco;BONVICINI, Francesca;MALAGOLI, Carlotta;MARMIROLI, Sandra;
2013

Abstract

Results of recent epidemiologic studies suggest the need to reassess the safe upper limit in drinking water of selenium, a metalloid with both toxicological and nutritional properties. Observational and experimental human studies on health effects of organic selenium compounds consumed through diet or supplements, and of inorganic selenium consumed through drinking water, have shown that human toxicity may occur at much lower concentrations than previously surmised. Evidence indicates that the chemical form of selenium strongly influences its toxicity, and that its biological activity may differ in different species, emphasizing the importance of the few human studies on health effects of the specific selenium compounds found in drinking water. Epidemiologic studies that investigated the effects of selenate, an inorganic selenium species commonly found in drinking water, together with evidence of toxicity of inorganic selenium at low levels in vitro and in animal studies, indicate that health risks may occur at exposures below the current European Union and World Health Organization upper limit and guideline of 10 and 40 µg/l, respectively, and suggest reduction to 1 µg/l in order to adequately protect human health. Although few drinking waters are currently known to have selenium levels exceeding this level, the public health importance of this issue should not be overlooked, and further epidemiologic research is critically needed in this area.
2013
443
633
642
The need for a reassessment of the safe upper limit of selenium in drinking water / Vinceti, Marco; C. M., Crespi; Bonvicini, Francesca; Malagoli, Carlotta; M., Ferrante; Marmiroli, Sandra; S., Stranges. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - STAMPA. - 443:(2013), pp. 633-642. [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.11.025]
Vinceti, Marco; C. M., Crespi; Bonvicini, Francesca; Malagoli, Carlotta; M., Ferrante; Marmiroli, Sandra; S., Stranges
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/851917
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