Iron Regulatory Proteins (IRPs), by modulating expression of ferritin, which stores excess iron in a non toxic form, and transferrin receptor, which controls iron uptake, are the main controller of cellular iron metabolism. During inflammation, modification of IRP activity may affect iron availability, free radical generation and cytokine gene response in inflammatory cells. In the present study we tested the effect of inflammatory stimuli on IRP function in a human monocytic-macrophagic cell line and the possibility of interfering with these pathways by using an antiinflammatory compound, diacerhein (DAR). IRP activity was enhanced by interferon gamma/lipopolysaccarhide (IFN/LPS), and this effect was consistently counteracted by increasing concentrations of DAR. No direct effect of DAR on IRP activity was found in vitro. However, in vivo, similar IRP activation was achieved by exposing cells to nitric oxide (NO) donors and the LPS/IFN-induced activation of IRP was reversed by NO inhibitors. Interestingly, NO-induced IRP activation was efficiently blocked by DAR. These data show for the first time that a clinically useful antiinflammatory compound, DAR, interferes with IRP activation by NO in inflammed human cells.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Titolo:||Diacerhein blocks iron regulatory protein activation in inflamed human monocytes|
|Autori:||Pietrangelo A; Montosi G; Recalcati S; Garuti C; Cairo G|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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