Normal hematopoietic progenitors and acute myelogenous leukemia cells show a differential requirement for the encoded product of c-myb proto-oncogene for proliferation. To determine whether c-myb is also differentially required for the proliferation of hematopoietic progenitors of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), mononuclear cells derived from both chronic phase and blast crisis were exposed to c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides and assayed for colony-forming ability. Exposure of CML-BC cells from 12 patients to c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides resulted in significant (p<001) inhibition of leukemia colony formation (average inhibition 63%) and was accompanied by down-regulation of c-myb expression. Colonies derived from CML chronic phase progenitors were virtually unaffected in 10 cases, but down-regulation of c-myb expression was not detected. However, in studies conducted with CD34+ leukemia cells, a subset highly enriched for hematopoietic progenitors, colony formation was inhibited at both disease stages, whereas CFU-GM colony formation derived from normal CD34+ cells was not affected by exposure to c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides. These data suggest that CML chronic phase and blast crisis progenitors are both sensitive to the inhibitory effects of c-myb antisense oligomers, and that the lack of inhibition in partially purified CML-chronic phase progenitors is probably due to inefficient penetration of oligodeoxynucleotides into the clonogenic cells. The preferential effect of c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides on colonies arising from the compartment that includes CML-CD34+ progenitors likely reflects the expansion of a cell population with high proliferative potential and elevated c-myb mRNA levels.

Inhibition of in vitro proliferation of chronic myelogenous leukemia progenitor cells by c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides / Szczylik, C; Skórski, T; Malaguarnera, L; Hetman, J; Chen, St; Calabretta, Bruno. - In: FOLIA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOBIOLOGICA. - ISSN 0239-8508. - STAMPA. - 34:(1996), pp. 129-134.

Inhibition of in vitro proliferation of chronic myelogenous leukemia progenitor cells by c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides.

CALABRETTA, Bruno
1996-01-01

Abstract

Normal hematopoietic progenitors and acute myelogenous leukemia cells show a differential requirement for the encoded product of c-myb proto-oncogene for proliferation. To determine whether c-myb is also differentially required for the proliferation of hematopoietic progenitors of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), mononuclear cells derived from both chronic phase and blast crisis were exposed to c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides and assayed for colony-forming ability. Exposure of CML-BC cells from 12 patients to c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides resulted in significant (p<001) inhibition of leukemia colony formation (average inhibition 63%) and was accompanied by down-regulation of c-myb expression. Colonies derived from CML chronic phase progenitors were virtually unaffected in 10 cases, but down-regulation of c-myb expression was not detected. However, in studies conducted with CD34+ leukemia cells, a subset highly enriched for hematopoietic progenitors, colony formation was inhibited at both disease stages, whereas CFU-GM colony formation derived from normal CD34+ cells was not affected by exposure to c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides. These data suggest that CML chronic phase and blast crisis progenitors are both sensitive to the inhibitory effects of c-myb antisense oligomers, and that the lack of inhibition in partially purified CML-chronic phase progenitors is probably due to inefficient penetration of oligodeoxynucleotides into the clonogenic cells. The preferential effect of c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides on colonies arising from the compartment that includes CML-CD34+ progenitors likely reflects the expansion of a cell population with high proliferative potential and elevated c-myb mRNA levels.
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Inhibition of in vitro proliferation of chronic myelogenous leukemia progenitor cells by c-myb antisense oligodeoxynucleotides / Szczylik, C; Skórski, T; Malaguarnera, L; Hetman, J; Chen, St; Calabretta, Bruno. - In: FOLIA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOBIOLOGICA. - ISSN 0239-8508. - STAMPA. - 34:(1996), pp. 129-134.
Szczylik, C; Skórski, T; Malaguarnera, L; Hetman, J; Chen, St; Calabretta, Bruno
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