The in vitro sensitivity of human chronic myeloid leukemia-blast crisis and chronic phase (CML-BC and CML-CP, respectively) cells as well as adherent cell-depleted, T lymphocyte-depleted normal bone marrow cells (A-T-NBMC) to various concentrations of mafosfamide (ASTA Z7654), was examined by colony formation assay in the presence of IL-3 and GM-CSF, to test the possibility of purging of BMC from CML cells. Colony formation by CML cells was inhibited more efficiently than by NBMC. After the incubation with 50 micrograms/ml or 100 micrograms/ml of mafosfamide, the growth of leukemic CFU-GM was totally abrogated in 2/11 or 9/11 cases of CML-BC and in 1/7 or 6/7 cases of CML-CP, respectively. At the same time the CFU-GM arising from normal BMC were not inhibited totally with 50 or 100 micrograms/ml of the drug in any of five experiments. CML cells were still unable to form secondary colonies, while normal BMC were capable of regrowth. The CD34+ cells isolated form CML-BC and CML-CP patients were also more susceptible to mafosfamide cytotoxicity in comparison to CD34+ cells derived from NBMC. To confirm the possibility of purging, CML-BC cells were mixed with NBMC (1:1) and incubated with mafosfamide. Finally, the growing colonies were examined for the presence of bcr/abl hybrid gene by reverse transcriptase-Taq polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and specific hybridization. The bcr/abl gene was not detected in the colonies growing after 100 micrograms/ml, and the signal was diminished after incubation with 50 micrograms/ml of mafosfamide, as compared to control. These results strongly suggest that high concentrations of mafosfamide may be useful for the purging of autologous BMC from CML cells.
Successful mafosfamide purging of bone marrow from chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells / Nieborowska Skórska, M; Skórski, T; Ratajczak, Mz; Szczylik, C; Malaguarnera, L; Calabretta, Bruno. - In: FOLIA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOBIOLOGICA. - ISSN 0239-8508. - STAMPA. - 31:(1993), pp. 161-167.