We investigated 8 healthy male volunteers, evaluating RII and RIII thresholds every 6 h starting from noon, for a 24-h period. Both reflex responses exhibited a circadian rhythmicity: the lowest values were found in the early morning (9.1 +/- 3.0 and 13.1 +/- 4.4 mA, respectively), while the highest values were observed at midnight (13.1 +/- 3.5 and 18.5 +/- 5.3 mA). Also mean cosinor analysis indicated the existence of a significant rhythm with acrophase at 20:12 for RII and 22:29 for RIII. In 4 subjects, beta-endorphin plasma (beta-EP) level was tested during the day. No correlation was observed between circadian changes of beta-EP and RIII threshold. Other factors are likely to be involved in the circadian variation of nociceptive flexion reflex in man.
Circadian variations of human flexion reflex / G., Sandrini; E., Alfonsi; G., Bono; Facchinetti, Fabio; L., Montalbetti; G., Nappi. - In: PAIN. - ISSN 0304-3959. - STAMPA. - 25:(1986), pp. 403-410.