Biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) are the principal cause of morbidity and graft dysfunction, ranging in incidence from 5.8\% to 30\% of cases. Biliary strictures are the most frequent type of late complication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) to detect biliary anastomotic strictures among patients undergone OLT with abnormal liver function tests.One hundred twenty-one of 300 patients who underwent OLT were evaluated by MRC for clinically suspected anastomotic biliary strictures. In all patients, we performed various precholangiographic sequences including T1- and T2-weighted and MRC (radial SE 2D and SS-TSE 3D). Magnetic resonance imaging findings were subdivided as absence or presence of an anastomotic stricture. Diagnostic confirmation was obtained by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (n=32), percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (n=21) or surgical treatment (n=18).MRC detected 56 anastomotic biliary strictures, 53 of which were confirmed by other imaging modalities. MRC showed two false-negative cases and three false-positive cases. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of MRC to detect biliary strictures were 96\%, 96\%, 95\%, 97\%, and 96\%, respectively.MRC proved to be a reliable noninvasive technique to visualize the biliary anastomosis and depict biliary strictures after OLT. MRC should be used when a biliary anastomotic stricture is suspected in an OLT patient.

Role of magnetic resonance imaging in the detection of anastomotic biliary strictures after liver transplantation / Pecchi, A.; Santis, M. D.; Gibertini, M. C.; Tarantino, G.; Gerunda, Giorgio Enrico; Torricelli, Pietro; DI BENEDETTO, Fabrizio. - In: TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS. - ISSN 0041-1345. - STAMPA. - 43:(2011), pp. 1132-1135. [10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.03.016]

Role of magnetic resonance imaging in the detection of anastomotic biliary strictures after liver transplantation.

A. Pecchi;GERUNDA, Giorgio Enrico;TORRICELLI, Pietro;DI BENEDETTO, Fabrizio
2011

Abstract

Biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) are the principal cause of morbidity and graft dysfunction, ranging in incidence from 5.8\% to 30\% of cases. Biliary strictures are the most frequent type of late complication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) to detect biliary anastomotic strictures among patients undergone OLT with abnormal liver function tests.One hundred twenty-one of 300 patients who underwent OLT were evaluated by MRC for clinically suspected anastomotic biliary strictures. In all patients, we performed various precholangiographic sequences including T1- and T2-weighted and MRC (radial SE 2D and SS-TSE 3D). Magnetic resonance imaging findings were subdivided as absence or presence of an anastomotic stricture. Diagnostic confirmation was obtained by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (n=32), percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (n=21) or surgical treatment (n=18).MRC detected 56 anastomotic biliary strictures, 53 of which were confirmed by other imaging modalities. MRC showed two false-negative cases and three false-positive cases. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of MRC to detect biliary strictures were 96\%, 96\%, 95\%, 97\%, and 96\%, respectively.MRC proved to be a reliable noninvasive technique to visualize the biliary anastomosis and depict biliary strictures after OLT. MRC should be used when a biliary anastomotic stricture is suspected in an OLT patient.
2011
43
1132
1135
Role of magnetic resonance imaging in the detection of anastomotic biliary strictures after liver transplantation / Pecchi, A.; Santis, M. D.; Gibertini, M. C.; Tarantino, G.; Gerunda, Giorgio Enrico; Torricelli, Pietro; DI BENEDETTO, Fabrizio. - In: TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS. - ISSN 0041-1345. - STAMPA. - 43:(2011), pp. 1132-1135. [10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.03.016]
Pecchi, A.; Santis, M. D.; Gibertini, M. C.; Tarantino, G.; Gerunda, Giorgio Enrico; Torricelli, Pietro; DI BENEDETTO, Fabrizio
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