In vitro immortalized cell lines with the morphology and phenotype of mature macrophages (M phi) have been generated by infecting freshly isolated bone marrow cells from C3H/HeJ mice with a recombinant retrovirus carrying v-raf and v-myc oncogenes. All of the clones obtained had M phi-like phenotypes, and one such clone, GG2EE, has been compared to normal M phi to ascertain the effects of immortalization on the expression of the biological functions of the lines. GG2EE cells expressed cytotoxic activity against L5178Y, P815 or RL male 1 target cells in response to stimulation with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and heat-killed Listeria monocytogenes; in contrast, they failed to kill YAC-1 target cells. GG2EE cells did not constitutively express I-A or I-E antigens; nevertheless, I region-coded antigens could be induced by IFN-gamma treatment. GG2EE cells produced interleukin 1 upon stimulation with a T cell-derived lymphokine; they were weakly phagocytic, yet became highly phagocytic following IFN-gamma treatment. Since c-fos mRNA is augmented in peritoneal exudate M phi by protein kinase C activators but not by IFN-gamma, we evaluated the effects of calcium ionophore, phorbol myristate acetate, L-alpha-1-oleoyl-2-acetoyl-sn-3 glycerol (OAG) and IFN-gamma on the levels of c-fos mRNA in GG2EE cells. We found that calcium ionophore, PMA and OAG stimulation enhanced the expression of c-fos mRNA, but IFN-gamma treatment did not. The kinetics of c-fos induction in GG2EE cells were also comparable to those observed in peritoneal exudate M phi. Overall, the GG2EE cell line has the same biological properties as normal tissue M phi. Because it is capable of both constitutive and inducible M phi-like functions, this cell line provides a valuable tool for studying the molecular mechanisms controlling induction and/or expression of biological activities in M phi. It is striking that a cell line immortalized in vitro by two oncogenes, v-raf and v-myc, behaves, according to the criteria mentioned above, like a normal M phi population.

A murine macrophage cell line, immortalized by v-raf and v-myc oncogenes, exhibits normal macrophage differentiated functions / Blasi, Elisabetta; Radzioch, D.; Durum, S. K.; Varesio, L.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2980. - ELETTRONICO. - 17:(1987), pp. 1491-1498.

A murine macrophage cell line, immortalized by v-raf and v-myc oncogenes, exhibits normal macrophage differentiated functions

BLASI, Elisabetta;
1987

Abstract

In vitro immortalized cell lines with the morphology and phenotype of mature macrophages (M phi) have been generated by infecting freshly isolated bone marrow cells from C3H/HeJ mice with a recombinant retrovirus carrying v-raf and v-myc oncogenes. All of the clones obtained had M phi-like phenotypes, and one such clone, GG2EE, has been compared to normal M phi to ascertain the effects of immortalization on the expression of the biological functions of the lines. GG2EE cells expressed cytotoxic activity against L5178Y, P815 or RL male 1 target cells in response to stimulation with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and heat-killed Listeria monocytogenes; in contrast, they failed to kill YAC-1 target cells. GG2EE cells did not constitutively express I-A or I-E antigens; nevertheless, I region-coded antigens could be induced by IFN-gamma treatment. GG2EE cells produced interleukin 1 upon stimulation with a T cell-derived lymphokine; they were weakly phagocytic, yet became highly phagocytic following IFN-gamma treatment. Since c-fos mRNA is augmented in peritoneal exudate M phi by protein kinase C activators but not by IFN-gamma, we evaluated the effects of calcium ionophore, phorbol myristate acetate, L-alpha-1-oleoyl-2-acetoyl-sn-3 glycerol (OAG) and IFN-gamma on the levels of c-fos mRNA in GG2EE cells. We found that calcium ionophore, PMA and OAG stimulation enhanced the expression of c-fos mRNA, but IFN-gamma treatment did not. The kinetics of c-fos induction in GG2EE cells were also comparable to those observed in peritoneal exudate M phi. Overall, the GG2EE cell line has the same biological properties as normal tissue M phi. Because it is capable of both constitutive and inducible M phi-like functions, this cell line provides a valuable tool for studying the molecular mechanisms controlling induction and/or expression of biological activities in M phi. It is striking that a cell line immortalized in vitro by two oncogenes, v-raf and v-myc, behaves, according to the criteria mentioned above, like a normal M phi population.
17
1491
1498
A murine macrophage cell line, immortalized by v-raf and v-myc oncogenes, exhibits normal macrophage differentiated functions / Blasi, Elisabetta; Radzioch, D.; Durum, S. K.; Varesio, L.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2980. - ELETTRONICO. - 17:(1987), pp. 1491-1498.
Blasi, Elisabetta; Radzioch, D.; Durum, S. K.; Varesio, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/745966
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