The purpose of this study was to analyze, in an animal model, the histologic and biomechanical phenomena at the bone-implant interface of implants inserted with high torque (HT) as compared to low torque (LT) during the first 6 weeks of healing. Forty tapered-screw-form implants were placed in five hybrid sheep. The implant sites were placed in the mandible, using an extraoral approach; four were placed with HT (test: mean 110 Ncm) on one side and four were placed with LT (control: mean 10 Ncm) on the contralateral side. After 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 weeks of healing, removal torque testing and resonance frequency analysis were performed and the animals were sacrificed for histologic examination. Implants from the HT group showed significantly higher bone apposition than implants from the LT group at all examined healing times. Similarly, removal torque was consistently higher for the HT as compared to the LT group. A significant loss of primary stability in the HT group was evident 7 days after placement. Implants from the LT group achieved a significant increase in stability after 4 weeks. Resonance frequency analysis was unable to detect these histologic and biomechanical modifications of the bone-implant complex. The results of the study showed that high implant insertion torque in dense cortical bone does not induce bone necrosis or implant failure, but it does increase the primary stability of implants, which is extremely important in immediate loading protocols.

High Versus Low Implant Insertion Torque: A Histologic, Histomorphometric, and Biomechanical Study in the Sheep Mandible / Trisi, P.; Todisco, M.; Consolo, Ugo; Travaglini, D.. - In: THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS. - ISSN 0882-2786. - STAMPA. - 26:4(2011), pp. 837-849.

High Versus Low Implant Insertion Torque: A Histologic, Histomorphometric, and Biomechanical Study in the Sheep Mandible

CONSOLO, Ugo;
2011

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze, in an animal model, the histologic and biomechanical phenomena at the bone-implant interface of implants inserted with high torque (HT) as compared to low torque (LT) during the first 6 weeks of healing. Forty tapered-screw-form implants were placed in five hybrid sheep. The implant sites were placed in the mandible, using an extraoral approach; four were placed with HT (test: mean 110 Ncm) on one side and four were placed with LT (control: mean 10 Ncm) on the contralateral side. After 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 weeks of healing, removal torque testing and resonance frequency analysis were performed and the animals were sacrificed for histologic examination. Implants from the HT group showed significantly higher bone apposition than implants from the LT group at all examined healing times. Similarly, removal torque was consistently higher for the HT as compared to the LT group. A significant loss of primary stability in the HT group was evident 7 days after placement. Implants from the LT group achieved a significant increase in stability after 4 weeks. Resonance frequency analysis was unable to detect these histologic and biomechanical modifications of the bone-implant complex. The results of the study showed that high implant insertion torque in dense cortical bone does not induce bone necrosis or implant failure, but it does increase the primary stability of implants, which is extremely important in immediate loading protocols.
2011
26
4
837
849
High Versus Low Implant Insertion Torque: A Histologic, Histomorphometric, and Biomechanical Study in the Sheep Mandible / Trisi, P.; Todisco, M.; Consolo, Ugo; Travaglini, D.. - In: THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS. - ISSN 0882-2786. - STAMPA. - 26:4(2011), pp. 837-849.
Trisi, P.; Todisco, M.; Consolo, Ugo; Travaglini, D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/745779
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