This study tested two hypotheses: (1) that simple anthropometric parameters can be used to identify patients at risk of decreased bone mineral content and (2) that an inverse relationship exists between waist:hip ratio (WHR) and bone mineral density (BMD). Bone mineral content (BMC) and BMD were evaluated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in 1873 free-living women. Of these, 1819 (97%) were post-menopausal. One thousand and thirteen women (54%) had normal BMD, 705 (38%) osteopenia and 155 (8%) osteoporosis. Body weight (Wt), body mass index and arm muscle and fat areas were significantly lower in osteoporotics than osteopenics (p < 0.0001) and in these latter than controls (p < 0.0001). However, values of WHR were similar in all groups (p = ns). Body weight was the anthropometric parameter better correlated with BMC (rho = 0.650, p < 0.0001) and only Wt and age were identified as significant predictors of bone mineral status (normal-BMD/osteopenic/osteoporotic) at polytomous logistic regression (p = 0.0001 for each). However, Wt could not be employed as an indicator of bone mineral status at the individual level because of high variations in BMC for the same level of Wt. Under- (< 5th percentile) and normal-Wt (5th-95th percentile) women had the same frequency of osteopenia (39%) while it was lower in over-Wt (> 95th) women (13%). The frequency of osteoporosis was higher in under- than normal-Wt women (37 vs 7%) and none of the over-Wt women had osteoporosis. This study shows that: (1) simple anthropometric measurements cannot be used to select subjects at risk of decreased BMC and, (2) BMD does not vary with WHR.
Anthropometry fails in classifying bone mineral status in postmenopausal women / Bedogni, G; Simonini, G; Viaggi, S; Belloi, Luciano; Ferrari, F; Battistini, Nino Carlo; Salvioli, Gianfranco. - In: ANNALS OF HUMAN BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-4460. - STAMPA. - 26:(1999), pp. 561-568. [10.1080/030144699282471]