Rodents kept on a choline devoid (CD) diet up to 14 months develop hepatic lesions progressing through two broad stages. The first is characterized by severe steatosis and increase in cell turnover, the second by a gradual clearance of the deposited fat and fibrosis. Hepatocellular carcinomas eventually arise in rats fed for over 12 months, even though the animals aer not exposed to chemical carcinogens. It has been suggested that the diet may trigger generated thereby may be responsible for initiation of liver cancer and promotion. The radicals would lead to DNA damage, and the altered DNA in a proliferating liver would result in initiation of the carcinogenic process. In this communication we present evidence that the diet used in the above studies contained stable fatty acid isomers with conjugated dienes, which are absorbed and deposited in rat liver. This finding cast doubts on whether a CD diet does indeed cause a peroxidation of cellular membrane lipids. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy was also used to investigate whether any abnormal pattern of free radicals exists in the liver of rats fed a CD diet. No significant differences were noted in ESR spectra of either transition metal-centered signals, or organic free radicals.
Free radicals and lipid peroxidation in liver of rats kept on a diet devoid of choline / S., Banni; F. P., Corongiu; M. A., Dessì; Iannone, Anna; B., Lombardi; Tomasi, Aldo; V., Vannini. - In: FREE RADICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 8755-0199. - STAMPA. - 7:(1989), pp. 233-240.