Immunohistochemical methods have been used to investigate the distribution of various opioid peptides derived from mammalian proenkephalin in the central nervous system of Scyliorhinus canicula. The results indicate that both Leu- and Met-enkephalin-immunoreactive peptides are present in the dogfish brain. In contrast, enkephalin forms similar to Met-enkephalin-Arg-Phe or Met-enkephalin-Arg-Gly-Leu, and mammalian alpha-neo-endorphin, dynorphin A (1-8), dynorphin A (1-13), and dynorphin A (1-17) were not detected. Met- and Leu-enkephalin immunoreactivities were found in distinct neurons of the telencephalon and hypothalamus. In particular, cell bodies reacting only with the Met-enkephalin antiserum were localized in the preoptic nucleus and in the suprachiasmatic region of the hypothalamus. Conversely, cell bodies reacting only with the Leu-enkephalin antiserum were localized in the pallium and the nucleus lobi lateralis hypothalami. Several areas of the telencephalon and diencephalon exhibited both Met- and Leu-enkephalin-like immunoreactivity, but the two immunoreactive peptides were clearly contained in distinct perikarya. The overall distribution of Met-enkephalin-immunoreactive elements in the dogfish exhibited similarities to the distribution of proenkephalin-derived peptides previously reported for the brain of tetrapods. The fact that Met- and Leu-enkephalin-like peptides were detected in distinct neurons, together with the absence of dynorphin-related peptides, suggests the existence of a novel Leu-enkephalin-containing precursor in the dogfish brain.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Titolo:||Immunocytochemical evidence for the presence of Met-enkephalin and Leu-enkephalin in distinct neurons in the brain of the elasmobranch fish Scyliorhinus canicula.|
|Autore/i:||M. Vallarino;C. Bucharles;F. Facchinetti;H. Vaudry|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/cne.903470409|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:A1994PF02900008|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0028106079|
|Citazione:||Immunocytochemical evidence for the presence of Met-enkephalin and Leu-enkephalin in distinct neurons in the brain of the elasmobranch fish Scyliorhinus canicula. / M. Vallarino;C. Bucharles;F. Facchinetti;H. Vaudry. - In: JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9967. - STAMPA. - 347(1994), pp. 585-597.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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