Alpha-N-acetyl-beta-endorphin (Ac-beta-EP) is a post-translational product of beta-endorphin (beta-EP) with no analgesic properties. Ac beta-EP is present in human fetal and adult pituitary gland and cross-reacts in all available beta-EP assays. This study evaluates levels of Ac-beta-EP in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 22 normal subjects and 15 chronic headache sufferers. Since dopamine may play a role in the acetylation process, homovanillic acid levels were also determined. After extraction and high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) fractionation of CSF, an immunoreactive Ac-beta-EP peak was detected coeluting with reference peptide. Ac-beta-EP was detectable in all but 5 normal subjects. In headache sufferers, Ac-beta-EP levels were always detectable and their mean value was significantly higher than that of healthy subjects (11.6 +/- 11.8 vs 3.9 +/- 3.6 fmol/ml; P less than 0.01). Conversely, CSF beta-endorphin (beta-EP) concentrations were decreased in headache patients (9.8 +/- 9.4 vs 15.7 +/- 9.7 fmol/ml; P less than 0.05), and as a consequence the beta-EP/Ac-beta-EP ratio was also markedly reduced (P less than 0.005). No difference was observed for CSF homovanillic acid concentrations. These data demonstrate that HPLC coupled to radioimmunoassay allows the identification of low but significant amounts of Ac beta-EP in human CSF. This compound represents a confounding factor when beta-EP immunoreactivity is assessed by conventional methods. In headache sufferers, Ac-beta-EP levels were higher than normal, whereas beta-EP concentrations were lower.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Evidence of alpha-N-acetyl beta-endorphin in human cerebrospinal fluid / Facchinetti, Fabio; G., Sances; E., Martignoni; I., Pagani; G., Nappi; A. R., Genazzani. - In: BRAIN RESEARCH. - ISSN 0006-8993. - STAMPA. - 586:(1992), pp. 1-5.

Evidence of alpha-N-acetyl beta-endorphin in human cerebrospinal fluid.

FACCHINETTI, Fabio;
1992-01-01

Abstract

Alpha-N-acetyl-beta-endorphin (Ac-beta-EP) is a post-translational product of beta-endorphin (beta-EP) with no analgesic properties. Ac beta-EP is present in human fetal and adult pituitary gland and cross-reacts in all available beta-EP assays. This study evaluates levels of Ac-beta-EP in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 22 normal subjects and 15 chronic headache sufferers. Since dopamine may play a role in the acetylation process, homovanillic acid levels were also determined. After extraction and high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) fractionation of CSF, an immunoreactive Ac-beta-EP peak was detected coeluting with reference peptide. Ac-beta-EP was detectable in all but 5 normal subjects. In headache sufferers, Ac-beta-EP levels were always detectable and their mean value was significantly higher than that of healthy subjects (11.6 +/- 11.8 vs 3.9 +/- 3.6 fmol/ml; P less than 0.01). Conversely, CSF beta-endorphin (beta-EP) concentrations were decreased in headache patients (9.8 +/- 9.4 vs 15.7 +/- 9.7 fmol/ml; P less than 0.05), and as a consequence the beta-EP/Ac-beta-EP ratio was also markedly reduced (P less than 0.005). No difference was observed for CSF homovanillic acid concentrations. These data demonstrate that HPLC coupled to radioimmunoassay allows the identification of low but significant amounts of Ac beta-EP in human CSF. This compound represents a confounding factor when beta-EP immunoreactivity is assessed by conventional methods. In headache sufferers, Ac-beta-EP levels were higher than normal, whereas beta-EP concentrations were lower.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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Evidence of alpha-N-acetyl beta-endorphin in human cerebrospinal fluid / Facchinetti, Fabio; G., Sances; E., Martignoni; I., Pagani; G., Nappi; A. R., Genazzani. - In: BRAIN RESEARCH. - ISSN 0006-8993. - STAMPA. - 586:(1992), pp. 1-5.
Facchinetti, Fabio; G., Sances; E., Martignoni; I., Pagani; G., Nappi; A. R., Genazzani
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/739232
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