Not only catalyst composition, but also temperature, pressure and H2/C4 ratio play important roles in vapour phase hydrogenation of maleic anhydride (MA) to gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), affecting both MA conversion and GBL yield. Pressure determines the GBL <-> BDO equilibrium (notwithstanding the presence of excess hydrogen), the H2/C4 ratio affects catalyst activity and life, and the optimum reaction temperature depends considerably on catalyst composition. On the contrary, high temperature activation and regeneration by thermal desorption under high hydrogen flow do not show any advantages. Furthermore, by comparing the catalytic reactivity of MA, succinic anhydride (SA) and their dimethyl-esters (DMM and DMS), it was shown that MA may be considered an actual alternative to ester hydrogenation in GBL production. Low conversion was observed with SA/GBL solution and attributed to a competitive adsorption of GBL on the active sites of the catalyst.

VAPOR-PHASE HYDROGENATION OF MALEIC-ANHYDRIDE TO GAMMA-BUTYROLACTONE. 2. ROLE OF REACTION PARAMETERS / G. L., Castiglioni; C., Fumagalli; A., Guercio; R., Lancia; Messori, Massimo; A., Vaccari. - In: ERDÖL UND KOHLE, ERDGAS, PETROCHEMIE VEREINIGT MIT BRENNSTOFF-CHEMIE. - ISSN 0367-0716. - STAMPA. - 47:(1994), pp. 337-341.

VAPOR-PHASE HYDROGENATION OF MALEIC-ANHYDRIDE TO GAMMA-BUTYROLACTONE. 2. ROLE OF REACTION PARAMETERS

MESSORI, Massimo;
1994-01-01

Abstract

Not only catalyst composition, but also temperature, pressure and H2/C4 ratio play important roles in vapour phase hydrogenation of maleic anhydride (MA) to gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), affecting both MA conversion and GBL yield. Pressure determines the GBL <-> BDO equilibrium (notwithstanding the presence of excess hydrogen), the H2/C4 ratio affects catalyst activity and life, and the optimum reaction temperature depends considerably on catalyst composition. On the contrary, high temperature activation and regeneration by thermal desorption under high hydrogen flow do not show any advantages. Furthermore, by comparing the catalytic reactivity of MA, succinic anhydride (SA) and their dimethyl-esters (DMM and DMS), it was shown that MA may be considered an actual alternative to ester hydrogenation in GBL production. Low conversion was observed with SA/GBL solution and attributed to a competitive adsorption of GBL on the active sites of the catalyst.
47
337
341
VAPOR-PHASE HYDROGENATION OF MALEIC-ANHYDRIDE TO GAMMA-BUTYROLACTONE. 2. ROLE OF REACTION PARAMETERS / G. L., Castiglioni; C., Fumagalli; A., Guercio; R., Lancia; Messori, Massimo; A., Vaccari. - In: ERDÖL UND KOHLE, ERDGAS, PETROCHEMIE VEREINIGT MIT BRENNSTOFF-CHEMIE. - ISSN 0367-0716. - STAMPA. - 47:(1994), pp. 337-341.
G. L., Castiglioni; C., Fumagalli; A., Guercio; R., Lancia; Messori, Massimo; A., Vaccari
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/738675
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