The histological and ultrastructural features of a case of malakoplakia affecting the testis and the epididymis of a 53-year-old man are described. Light microscopy shows a granulomatous inflammatory process, characterized by the accumulation of large mononuclear cells with abundant granular cytoplasm and PAS-positive calcific intracytoplasmic inclusions (so-called Michaelis-Gutman bodies). On E.M., such inclusions appear as concentric lamellated structures with a mineralized core. Although the pathogenesis of malakoplakia is still unclear, an abnormality of the bacteria-digesting function of tissue macrophages, leading to persistence of phagolysosomes, has been postulated. Malakoplakia of testis is a benign entity, which must be differentiated from neoplastic lesions, especially germ cell tumours, and granulomatous disease such as histoplasmosis, mycobacteriosis and idiopathic granulomatous orchitis.
Malacoplachia del testicolo. Descrizione di un caso / R., Fante; Maiorana, Antonino; Fano, Rita Adriana. - In: PATHOLOGICA. - ISSN 0031-2983. - STAMPA. - 82:(1990), pp. 297-302.