Lung involvement in essential mixed cryoglobulinemia (EMC) has been recently described. In order to assess whether patients with EMC experience an accelerated deterioration of lung function, nineteen patients (17 females, 2 males; 49.6 +/- 6.6 years) underwent a short-term follow-up of lung function, chest X-ray and serologic investigations. Reduction of forced expiratory flows and presence of roentgenologic signs of interstitial involvement were confirmed in the baseline evaluation. In addition, a decrease of diffusing capacity was shown. After a mean interval of 15 months, no significant change in lung function was found, with the exception of decrease in maximal expiratory flow at 50% of forced vital capacity, total lung capacity, functional residual capacity, coefficient of transfer of CO. A slight decrease of hemolitic complement (CH50) and of complement fraction (C3) was also observed. This study suggests that patients with EMC tend to have an involvement of pulmonary interstitial space, possibly related to immune complex deposition, but they do not show a severe decline of lung function. Periodical assessment of lung function and chest X-ray is, however, worthwhile
Lung function in essential mixed cryoglobulinemia: a short-term follow-up / Viegi, G; Fornai, E; Ferri, Clodoveo; Di Munno, O; Begliomini, E; Vitali, C; Melocchi, F; Bombardieri, S; Paoletti, P.. - In: CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0770-3198. - STAMPA. - 8:(1989), pp. 331-338.