An MO theoretical ab initio study was performed on 2-exo-methylene push-pull derivatives having as donor groups nitrogen atoms, components of a heterocyclic ring, and as acceptors CN and COOEt groups. Five-, six- and seven-membered ring derivatives were considered. Calculations were also performed on a number of push-pull ethylenes whose experimental properties were reported in the chemical literature in order to test the soundness of the conclusions from theoretical approaches. The physical properties calculated for the latter molecules were compared with known experimental values, in order to check the predictive ability of the theoretical approaches employed. Geometrical features and torsional barriers in solution are satisfactorily reproduced. Results were obtained with different basis sets, second-order Moller-Plesset theory, in order to perform comparisons at different theoretical levels with a view to carrying out calculations in larger molecular systems. The widest range of comparisons between calculated values for the different molecules were carried out at the HF/6-31G*//HF/6-31G* level. The origin of the torsional barrier for isomer interconversion as a function of the electronic properties of these molecules is discussed, in particular by examining the polarized character of the exo double bond. The role of the lone pairs of the nitrogen atoms in the push-pull mechanism is investigated, also in competition with an unsaturated bond within the ring. The different conjugation patterns that can be exploited within these molecules is examined within the donor-acceptor model and Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) theory. Empirical correlations are proposed in order to estimate dipole moments and absorption wavelengths for the family of push-pull olefins. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||Exocyclic push-pull conjugated compounds. Part 1. Theoretical study of the effect of ring size on the structure, electronic properties and rotational barriers of cyclic analogoues of 1,1-diamino-2,2-dicyanoethylene|
|Autori:||Benassi R; Bertarini C; Kleinpeter E; Taddei F; Thomas S|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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