Chronic mucosal inflammation is considered a risk factor for colorectal cancer. Neutrophils are a major source of oxidants, whereas cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha) protein expression levels are increased in inflammatory and malignant lesions. The main purpose of the present study was to evaluate myeloperoxidase (MPO) positive cell infiltration, COX-2 and HIF-1 alpha protein expression in colorectal carcinogenesis, especially in its early phases, using immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence confocal microscopy techniques. MPO, COX-2 and HIF-1 alpha proteins were expressed at higher rates in the normal colorectal mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases and colorectal tumours than in patients with normal colonoscopy. A gradual increase in COX-2 and HIF-1 alpha protein expression was observed in dysplastic aberrant crypt foci, adenomas and carcinomas, showing a strong relation to dysplasia. In conclusion, the present study supports the hypothesis of a key role of inflammation in malignant transformation of colorectal mucosa. The evaluation of some early markers related to inflammation in the mucosa of the large bowel may serve as potential tool for prognosis and therapeutic strategies. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||Cyclooxygenase-2 and Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1 alpha protein expression is related to inflammation, and up-regulated since the early steps of colorectal carcinogenesis|
|Autori:||F. Mariani;P. Sena;L. Marzona;M. Riccio;R. Fano;P. Manni;C. Di Gregorio;A. Pezzi;M. Ponz de Leon;S. Monni;A. De Pol;L. Roncucci|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.canlet.2009.02.001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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