Hydrothermal conversion of zeolite Li-A(BW), LiAlSiO4 H2O, into alpha-eucryptite, LiAlSiO4, occurs at temperatures above 350 degrees C. We report here the first in-situ study of a high-temperature hydrothermal synthesis using time-resolved powder diffraction. The following hydrothermal reactions were studied: 4 M NaNO3:LiAlSiO4 [ABW] --> Li(Na)AlSiO4 H2O [ABW] --> Na(6)Al(6)Si6O(24).2NaNO(3) [SOD]; 2 M LiCl:LiAlSiO4 H2O [ABW] --> alpha-LiAlSiO4; 2 M LiCl:LiAlSiO4[ABW] --> LiAlSiO4.H2O [ABW] --> alpha-LiAlSiO4. The hydrothermal syntheses were performed in stainless steel capillaries. To maintain hydrothermal conditions, a hydraulic pressure of 2-300 atm was applied. Synchrotron X-ray radiation with energies of 35-40 keV was used in order to penetrate the steel capillaries. Room temperature Imaging Plate powder diffraction data were collected on a sample of zeolite Li-A(BW) contained in a steel capillary in an aqueous solution at 200 atm. pressure. With the use of a 10 min exposure, it was possible successfully to refine the crystal structure of zeolite Li-A(BW) using Rietveld refinement. Angle dispersive time-resolved in-situ powder diffraction patterns were collected using a Translating Imaging Plate (TIP) camera. Crystallization and degradation curves for the high-temperature hydrothermal conversion experiments were determined using integrated intensities of selected diffraction lines. The kinetic curves were analyzed using first-order rate expressions.
Formation of alpha-eucryptite, LiAlSiO4: An in-situ synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction study of a high temperature hydrothermal synthesis / Norby, P; Hanson, Jc; Fitch, An; Vaughan, G; Flaks, L; Gualtieri, Alessandro. - In: CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS. - ISSN 0897-4756. - 12:5(2000), pp. 1473-1479. [10.1021/cm991210h]