Purpose: This study aimed to micro radiographically evaluate the healing of grafted defects using a surgically standardized model that was suitable for comparing the regenerative potential of different grafts. Materials and Methods: Two different biomaterials, bovine porous bone mineral (BPBM) and nanohydroxyapatite (NHA), were used to fill defects produced in the distal epiphyses of 10 adult male rabbits for 2 and 4 months. Three rabbits were left untreated, without defects, as controls. Evaluations were performed on microradiographs of sections of polymethyl methacrylate-embedded rabbit epiphyses. The amounts of graft material and bone were evaluated by splitting the filled hole into three portions. Results: A greater amount of BPBM granules were in contact with bone at both 2 and 4 months versus the NHA (statistically significant difference in the central portion of the defect), and a persistence of the BPBM over time was apparent. The amount of NBA decreased from the inner to the outer portion of the defect, particularly after 4 months. The bone amount increased from the inner to the outer portion, particularly for the NHA graft, which produced an early cortex. The amount of mineralized material reached about 80% in the BPBM and 40% to 60% in the NBA after 4 months. Conclusion: Both the analyzed biomaterials performed adequately for bone regeneration. The two biomaterials are probably suitable for grafting defects related to early cortical formation or spacemaintaining clinical requirements. PMID: 22299088 IDS Number: 893WZ
In Vivo Comparison of Two Bone Substitutes in the Distal Femur of the Rabbit / Bertoldi, Carlo; Zaffe, Davide. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS. - ISSN 0882-2786. - STAMPA. - 27(2012), pp. 119-127.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Titolo:||In Vivo Comparison of Two Bone Substitutes in the Distal Femur of the Rabbit|
|Autore/i:||Bertoldi, Carlo; Zaffe, Davide|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000300389700015|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84863600506|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||22299088|
|Citazione:||In Vivo Comparison of Two Bone Substitutes in the Distal Femur of the Rabbit / Bertoldi, Carlo; Zaffe, Davide. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS. - ISSN 0882-2786. - STAMPA. - 27(2012), pp. 119-127.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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