In this chapter we present a contribution to a theory of exaptation phenomena in innovation processes. In section 1 we define exaptations and discuss some related conceptual issues. In order to contribute to the development of an exaptation-based view in the economics of innovation, in the remaining sections we propose a theoretical framework and simulation models for the study of the processes of exaptation. In section 2, we relate exaptation phenomena at different levels of organization and provide a framework for their analysis. In section 3 we argue that in innovation theory an exaptation-based perspective can be considered, at least potentially, an alternative to the “adaptation through selection” perspective. In sections 4-6 we represent and clarify the theory presented above, by means of two agent-based simulation models. In the first model, exaptation occurs through the exchange of artifacts and information between two agents. In the second model many agents are producers and consumers of thousands of artifacts and are able to introduce innovations. The latter model is explicitly designed to simulate the emergence of recurrent patterns of interactions, and their changes, as consequence of locally introduced innovations. Section 7 concludes the chapter.

Exaptation in innovation processes: theory and models / Bonifati, Giovanni; Villani, Marco. - STAMPA. - (2013), pp. 172-192. [10.4337/9781782548225.00019]

Exaptation in innovation processes: theory and models

BONIFATI, Giovanni;VILLANI, Marco
2013

Abstract

In this chapter we present a contribution to a theory of exaptation phenomena in innovation processes. In section 1 we define exaptations and discuss some related conceptual issues. In order to contribute to the development of an exaptation-based view in the economics of innovation, in the remaining sections we propose a theoretical framework and simulation models for the study of the processes of exaptation. In section 2, we relate exaptation phenomena at different levels of organization and provide a framework for their analysis. In section 3 we argue that in innovation theory an exaptation-based perspective can be considered, at least potentially, an alternative to the “adaptation through selection” perspective. In sections 4-6 we represent and clarify the theory presented above, by means of two agent-based simulation models. In the first model, exaptation occurs through the exchange of artifacts and information between two agents. In the second model many agents are producers and consumers of thousands of artifacts and are able to introduce innovations. The latter model is explicitly designed to simulate the emergence of recurrent patterns of interactions, and their changes, as consequence of locally introduced innovations. Section 7 concludes the chapter.
Handbook of economic organization. Integrating Economic and Organization Theory
978 1 84980 398 4
Edward Elgar
REGNO UNITO DI GRAN BRETAGNA
Exaptation in innovation processes: theory and models / Bonifati, Giovanni; Villani, Marco. - STAMPA. - (2013), pp. 172-192. [10.4337/9781782548225.00019]
Bonifati, Giovanni; Villani, Marco
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Bonifati-Villani_Handbook_2013_REV.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Post-print dell'autore (bozza post referaggio)
Dimensione 876.09 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
876.09 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/709353
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact