Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the only effective therapeutic modality in severe acute hepatic failure (AHF). The scarcity of organs for transplantation leads to an urgent necessity for temporary liver support treatments in AHF patients. A hepatocyte-based bioartificial liver (BAL) is under investigation with the main purpose to serve as bridging treatment until a liver becomes available for OLT, or to promote spontaneous liver regeneration. We developed a novel radial-flow bioreactor (RFB) for three-dimensional, high-density hepatocyte culture and an integrated pumping apparatus in which, after plasmapheresis, the patient's plasma is recirculated through the hepatocyte-filled RFB. Two hundred thirty grams of freshly isolated porcine hepatocytes were loaded into the RFB for clinical liver support treatment. The BAL system was used 8 times in supporting 7 AHF patients in grade III-IV coma, all waiting for an urgent OLT Three patients with no history of previous liver diseases were affected by fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) due to hepatitis B virus, 3 by primary non-function (PNF) of the transplanted liver, and one by AHF due to previous abdominal trauma and liver surgery. Six out of 7 patients underwent OLT following BAL treatment(s), which lasted 6-24 hours. All patients tolerated the procedures well, as shown by an improvement in the level of encephalopathy, a decrease in serum ammonia, transaminases and an amelioration of the prothrombin time, with full neurological recovery after OLT Our initial clinical experience confirms the safety of this BAL configuration and suggests its clinical efficacy as a temporary liver support system in AHF patients.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Titolo:||Early experiences with a porcine hepatocyte-based bioartificial liver in acute hepatic failure patients.|
|Autore/i:||E. Morsiani;P. Pazzi;A. C. Puviani;M. Brogli;L. Valieri;P. Gorini;P. Scoletta;E. Marangoni;R. Ragazzi;G. Azzena;E. Frazzoli;D. D. Luca;E. Cassai;G. Lombardi;A. Cavallari;S. Faenza;A. Pasetto;M. Girardis;E. Jovine;A. D. Pinna|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000174976400004|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0036232236|
|Citazione:||Early experiences with a porcine hepatocyte-based bioartificial liver in acute hepatic failure patients. / E. Morsiani;P. Pazzi;A. C. Puviani;M. Brogli;L. Valieri;P. Gorini;P. Scoletta;E. Marangoni;R. Ragazzi;G. Azzena;E. Frazzoli;D. D. Luca;E. Cassai;G. Lombardi;A. Cavallari;S. Faenza;A. Pasetto;M. Girardis;E. Jovine;A. D. Pinna. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL ORGANS. - ISSN 0391-3988. - STAMPA. - 25(2002), pp. 192-202.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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