Hemodynamic changes, pulmonary CO2 elimination (VECO2) and gas exchange were evaluated during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. An algorithm to calculate inspired ventilation (VI) needed to maintain constant PaCO2 was also developed. In 12 ASA physical status I patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac index (CI), and systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) were measured by the analysis of a radial artery pressure profile before, during, and after CO2 insufflation. Alveolar-arterial oxygen pressure gradient (P(A-a)O2), physiological and alveolar ventilatory dead space fractions (VDphys/VT; VDalv/VT), and PaCO2 were measured as well. VECO2 was assessed every minute in the patients maintained in the head-up position. HR did not significantly change during pneumoperitoneum, whereas MAP showed a transient increase (24.9\%; P < 0.05) after CO2 insufflation. CI remained stable during pneumoperitoneum, but increased (25.0\%; P < 0.05) after deflation. As a consequence, SVRI transiently increased after CO2 insufflation and decreased by 15.8\% (P < 0.05) 5 min after deflation. P(A-a)O2 increased slightly (P < 0.05) with increased anesthesia time. VDphys/VT and VDalv/VT did not change after pneumoperitoneum onset, but VDalv/VT decreased after CO2 deflation (13.4\%; P < 0.05). VECO2 increased (decreased) after a monoexponential time course during (after) CO2 insufflation in 8 of 12 patients. The mean time constants (t) of the monoexponential functions were 26.3 and 15.4 min during and after pneumoperitoneum. A monoexponential time course was shown also by PaCO2 during CO2 insufflation (tau = 27.8 min). Finally, the VI needed to maintain PaCO2 at a selected value could be calculated by the following algorithm: VI = [0.448.(1-e(-t/tau) + 2.52].(VA.PaCO2.713)-1, where VA corresponds to alveolar ventilation and t must be chosen according to the pneumoperitoneum phase. We conclude that CO2 insufflation in the abdominal cavity does not induce significant changes in cardiopulmonary function in ASA physical status I patients. The algorithm proposed seems to be a useful tool for the anesthesiologists to maintain constant PaCO2 during all surgical procedures.
The effect of laparoscopic cholecystectomy on cardiovascular function and pulmonary gas exchange / Girardis, Massimo; U. D., Broi; G., Antonutto; Pasetto, Alberto. - In: ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA. - ISSN 0003-2999. - STAMPA. - 83(1996), pp. 134-140.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Titolo:||The effect of laparoscopic cholecystectomy on cardiovascular function and pulmonary gas exchange.|
|Autore/i:||Girardis, Massimo; U. D., Broi; G., Antonutto; Pasetto, Alberto|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:A1996UT70200024|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0029899910|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||8659724|
|Citazione:||The effect of laparoscopic cholecystectomy on cardiovascular function and pulmonary gas exchange / Girardis, Massimo; U. D., Broi; G., Antonutto; Pasetto, Alberto. - In: ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA. - ISSN 0003-2999. - STAMPA. - 83(1996), pp. 134-140.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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