he stroke volume of the left ventricle (SV) was assessed in nine young men (mean age 22.2, ranging from 20 to 25 years) during cycle ergometer upright exercise at exercise intensities from 60 to 150 W (about 20% to 80% of individual maximal aerobic power). The SV was calculated from noninvasive tracings of the arterial blood pressure, determined from photoplethysmograph records and compared to the SV determined simultaneously by pulsed Doppler echocardiography (PDE). Given the relationship SV = As.Z-1 in which A(s) is the area underneath the systolic pressure profile (in millimetres of mercury and second), and Z (in millimetres of mercury and second per millilitre) is the apparent hydraulic impedance of the circulatory system, a prerequisite for the assessment of SV from the photoplethysmograph tracings is a knowledge of Z. The experimental value of Z (hereafter defined Z*) was calculated by dividing A(s) (from the finger photoplethysmograph) by SV as obtained by PDE. When the whole group of subjects was considered, Z* was not greatly affected by the exercise intensity: it amounted to 0.089 (SD 0.028; n = 36). The Z was also estimated independently of any parameter other than heart rate (HR), mean (MAP) and pulse (PP) arterial blood pressure obtained from the photoplethysmograph. A computerized statistical method allowed us to interpolate the experimental values of Z*, HR, PP and MAP by the equation Zm = a.(b + c.HR + d.PP + e.MAP)-1, thus obtaining the coefficients a to e. The mean percentage error between Zm (calculated from the coefficients obtained and Z* was 21.8 (SD 14.3)%. However, it was observed that, in a given subject, Z* was significantly affected by the exercise intensity. Therefore, to improve the estimate of Z a second algorithm was developed to update the experimental value of Z determined initially at rest (Zin). This updated value (Zcor) of Z was calculated as Zcor = Zin. [(f/(i + g.(HR/HRin) + h.(PP/PPin) + 1.(MAP/MAPin)], where HRin, PPin, MAPin, HR, PP, MAP are the above parameters at rest and during exercise, respectively. Also in this case, the coefficients f to 1 were determined by a computerized statistical method using Z* as the experimental reference. The values of Zcor so obtained allowed us to calculate SV from arterial pulse contour analysis as SVF = As.Z-1cor. The mean percentage error between the SVF obtained and the values simultaneously determined by PDE, was 10.0 (SD 8.7)%. It is concluded that the SV of the left ventricle, and hence cardiac output, can be determined during exercise from photoplethysmograph tracings with reasonable accuracy, provided that an initial estimate of SV at rest is made by means an independent high quality reference method.
Noninvasive assessment of cardiac output from arterial pressure profiles during exercise / Antonutto, G; Girardis, Massimo; Tuniz, D; di Prampero, Pe. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY AND OCCUPATIONAL PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-5548. - STAMPA. - 72(1995), pp. 18-24.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Titolo:||Noninvasive assessment of cardiac output from arterial pressure profiles during exercise.|
|Autore/i:||Antonutto, G; Girardis, Massimo; Tuniz, D; di Prampero, Pe|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:A1995TL53600004|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0029563755|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||8789565|
|Citazione:||Noninvasive assessment of cardiac output from arterial pressure profiles during exercise / Antonutto, G; Girardis, Massimo; Tuniz, D; di Prampero, Pe. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY AND OCCUPATIONAL PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-5548. - STAMPA. - 72(1995), pp. 18-24.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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