In order to improve the knowledge on the use and significance of instrumented indentation and scratchtesting on thermally-sprayed materials, a wide range of tests was performed on thermally-sprayed ceramic,cermet and metal coatings. A scale-dependent behavior of hardness was observed as a function ofindentation depth for all coatings: at low penetration depths, the hardness value depends on theintralamellar material properties, whereas at larger depths it reflects the long-range cohesive strength of thecoating. In all cases, hardness becomes independent of the indentation depth above a threshold value of~2000 nm. The elastic modulus is also scale-dependent, but it never stabilizes to a depth-independent value,probably on account of crack opening/closing mechanisms. Scratch test on the cross-section has been deeplyinvestigated and identified as a comparative method to quantify the cohesion of the coatings.
Interesting aspects of indentation and scratch methods for characterization of thermally-sprayed coatings / Bonferroni, Benedetta; Bolelli, Giovanni; Lusvarghi, Luca; J., Nohava. - In: SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0257-8972. - STAMPA. - 205:(2010), pp. 1127-1131. [10.1016/j.surfcoat.2010.08.086]