Recent evidence shows that cells exchange collections of signals via microvesicles (MVs) and tunneling nano-tubes (TNTs). In this paper we have investigated whether in cell cultures GPCRs can be transferred by means of MVs and TNTs from a source cell to target cells. Western blot, transmission electron microscopy and gene expression analyses demonstrate that A(2A) and D(2) receptors are present in released MVs. In order to further demonstrate the involvement of MVs in cell-to-cell communication we created two populations of cells (HEK293T and COS-7) transiently transfected with D(2)R-CFP or A(2A)R-YFP. These two types of cells were co-cultured, and FRET analysis demonstrated simultaneously positive cells to the D(2)R-CFP and A(2A)R-YFP. Fluorescence microscopy analysis also showed that GPCRs can move from one cell to another also by means of TNTs. Finally, recipient cells pre-incubated for 24h with A(2A)R positive MVs were treated with the adenosine A(2A) receptor agonist CGS-21680. The significant increase in cAMP accumulation clearly demonstrated that A(2A)Rs were functionally competent in target cells. These findings demonstrate that A(2A) receptors capable of recognizing and decoding extracellular signals can be safely transferred via MVs from source to target cells.

Microvesicle and tunneling nanotube mediated intercellular transfer of g-protein coupled receptors in cell cultures / Guescini, M; Leo, Giuseppina; Genedani, Susanna; Carone, C; Pederzoli, Francesca; Ciruela, F; Guidolin, D; Stocchi, V; Mantuano, M; Borroto Escuela, Do; Fuxe, K; Agnati, L. F.. - In: EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0014-4827. - STAMPA. - 18:(2012), pp. 603-613. [10.1016/j.yexcr.2012.01.005]

Microvesicle and tunneling nanotube mediated intercellular transfer of g-protein coupled receptors in cell cultures.

LEO, Giuseppina;GENEDANI, Susanna;PEDERZOLI, FRANCESCA;
2012

Abstract

Recent evidence shows that cells exchange collections of signals via microvesicles (MVs) and tunneling nano-tubes (TNTs). In this paper we have investigated whether in cell cultures GPCRs can be transferred by means of MVs and TNTs from a source cell to target cells. Western blot, transmission electron microscopy and gene expression analyses demonstrate that A(2A) and D(2) receptors are present in released MVs. In order to further demonstrate the involvement of MVs in cell-to-cell communication we created two populations of cells (HEK293T and COS-7) transiently transfected with D(2)R-CFP or A(2A)R-YFP. These two types of cells were co-cultured, and FRET analysis demonstrated simultaneously positive cells to the D(2)R-CFP and A(2A)R-YFP. Fluorescence microscopy analysis also showed that GPCRs can move from one cell to another also by means of TNTs. Finally, recipient cells pre-incubated for 24h with A(2A)R positive MVs were treated with the adenosine A(2A) receptor agonist CGS-21680. The significant increase in cAMP accumulation clearly demonstrated that A(2A)Rs were functionally competent in target cells. These findings demonstrate that A(2A) receptors capable of recognizing and decoding extracellular signals can be safely transferred via MVs from source to target cells.
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Microvesicle and tunneling nanotube mediated intercellular transfer of g-protein coupled receptors in cell cultures / Guescini, M; Leo, Giuseppina; Genedani, Susanna; Carone, C; Pederzoli, Francesca; Ciruela, F; Guidolin, D; Stocchi, V; Mantuano, M; Borroto Escuela, Do; Fuxe, K; Agnati, L. F.. - In: EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0014-4827. - STAMPA. - 18:(2012), pp. 603-613. [10.1016/j.yexcr.2012.01.005]
Guescini, M; Leo, Giuseppina; Genedani, Susanna; Carone, C; Pederzoli, Francesca; Ciruela, F; Guidolin, D; Stocchi, V; Mantuano, M; Borroto Escuela, Do; Fuxe, K; Agnati, L. F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/703356
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