Prompt reconstitution of hematopoiesis after cytoreductive therapy is essential for patient recovery and may have a positive impact on long-term prognosis. We examined the role of the p53 tumor suppressor gene in hematopoietic recovery in vivo after treatment with the cytotoxic drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). We used p53 knock-out (p53-/-) and wild-type (p53+/+) mice injected with 5-FU as the experimental model. Analysis of the repopulation ability and clonogenic activity of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and their lineage-committed descendants showed a greater number of HSCs responsible for reconstitution of lethally irradiated recipients in p53-/- bone marrow cells (BMCs) recovering after 5-FU treatment than in the corresponding p53+/+ BMCs. In post-5-FU recovering BMCs, the percentage of HSC-enriched Lin- Sca-1(+) c-Kit+ cells was about threefold higher in p53-/- than in p53+/+ cells. Although the percentage of the most primitive HSCs (Lin- Sca-1(+) c-Kit+ CD34(low/-)) did not depend on p53, the percentage of multipotential HSCs and committed progenitors (Lin- Sca-1(+) c-Kit+ CD34(high/+)) was almost fourfold higher in post-5-FU recovering p53-/- BMCs than in their p53+/+ counterparts. The pool of HSCs from 5-FU-treated p53-/- BMCs was exhausted more slowly than that from the p53+/+ population as shown in vivo using pre-spleen colony-forming unit (CFU-S) assay and in vitro using long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-ICs) and methylcellulose replating assays. Clonogenic activity of various lineage-specific descendants was significantly higher in post-5-FU regenerating p53-/- BMCs than in p53+/+ BMCs, probably because of their increased sensitivity to growth factors. Despite all these changes and the dramatic difference in sensitivity of p53-/- and p53+/+ BMCs to 5-FU-induced apoptosis, lineage commitment and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitors appeared to be independent of p53 status. These studies suggest that suppression of p53 function facilitates hematopoietic reconstitution after cytoreductive therapy by: (1) delaying the exhaustion of the most primitive HSC pool, (2) stimulating the production of multipotential HSCs, (3) increasing the sensitivity of hematopoietic cells to growth factors, and (4) decreasing the sensitivity to apoptosis.

Role of p53 in hematopoietic recovery after cytotoxic treatment / Wlodarski, P; Wasik, M; Ratajczak, Mz; Sevignani, C; Hoser, G; Kawiak, J; Gewirtz, Am; Calabretta, Bruno; Skorski, T.. - In: BLOOD. - ISSN 0006-4971. - STAMPA. - 91:(1998), pp. 2998-3006.

Role of p53 in hematopoietic recovery after cytotoxic treatment.

CALABRETTA, Bruno;
1998

Abstract

Prompt reconstitution of hematopoiesis after cytoreductive therapy is essential for patient recovery and may have a positive impact on long-term prognosis. We examined the role of the p53 tumor suppressor gene in hematopoietic recovery in vivo after treatment with the cytotoxic drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). We used p53 knock-out (p53-/-) and wild-type (p53+/+) mice injected with 5-FU as the experimental model. Analysis of the repopulation ability and clonogenic activity of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and their lineage-committed descendants showed a greater number of HSCs responsible for reconstitution of lethally irradiated recipients in p53-/- bone marrow cells (BMCs) recovering after 5-FU treatment than in the corresponding p53+/+ BMCs. In post-5-FU recovering BMCs, the percentage of HSC-enriched Lin- Sca-1(+) c-Kit+ cells was about threefold higher in p53-/- than in p53+/+ cells. Although the percentage of the most primitive HSCs (Lin- Sca-1(+) c-Kit+ CD34(low/-)) did not depend on p53, the percentage of multipotential HSCs and committed progenitors (Lin- Sca-1(+) c-Kit+ CD34(high/+)) was almost fourfold higher in post-5-FU recovering p53-/- BMCs than in their p53+/+ counterparts. The pool of HSCs from 5-FU-treated p53-/- BMCs was exhausted more slowly than that from the p53+/+ population as shown in vivo using pre-spleen colony-forming unit (CFU-S) assay and in vitro using long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-ICs) and methylcellulose replating assays. Clonogenic activity of various lineage-specific descendants was significantly higher in post-5-FU regenerating p53-/- BMCs than in p53+/+ BMCs, probably because of their increased sensitivity to growth factors. Despite all these changes and the dramatic difference in sensitivity of p53-/- and p53+/+ BMCs to 5-FU-induced apoptosis, lineage commitment and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitors appeared to be independent of p53 status. These studies suggest that suppression of p53 function facilitates hematopoietic reconstitution after cytoreductive therapy by: (1) delaying the exhaustion of the most primitive HSC pool, (2) stimulating the production of multipotential HSCs, (3) increasing the sensitivity of hematopoietic cells to growth factors, and (4) decreasing the sensitivity to apoptosis.
91
2998
3006
Role of p53 in hematopoietic recovery after cytotoxic treatment / Wlodarski, P; Wasik, M; Ratajczak, Mz; Sevignani, C; Hoser, G; Kawiak, J; Gewirtz, Am; Calabretta, Bruno; Skorski, T.. - In: BLOOD. - ISSN 0006-4971. - STAMPA. - 91:(1998), pp. 2998-3006.
Wlodarski, P; Wasik, M; Ratajczak, Mz; Sevignani, C; Hoser, G; Kawiak, J; Gewirtz, Am; Calabretta, Bruno; Skorski, T.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/695521
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