To estimate the thermochemical properties, bond dissociation energies and atomization energies of sulfur organic derivatives, the complete basis set (CBS) method was employed at the lower computational level (CBS-4) owing to the large molecular size of a number of the molecules chosen. By comparison with experimental values, calculated values of thermochemical properties are subject to error, which increases in line with the increase in molecular complexity. The main source of error affecting the calculated enthalpy of formation stems from the difference between the energy of the molecule and that of the single atoms: the greater the size of the molecule, the greater the accumulation of error. By acting on the empirical correction to the CBS energy and minimizing the error due to the contribution of the single atoms to the dissociation energy a parameter di for each atom i is obtained. Application of these corrections does not greatly affect the heats of formation of the small molecules included in test sets employed for previous comparisons of calculated and experimental values, while there is a great improvement in the case of large molecules, for example, diphenyl disulfide. The mean absolute deviation turns out to be 2.52, which is greater than that obtained in recent reexaminations of model chemistry methods Including the G3 and G3(MP3) approaches. The improvement in the results calculated for large molecules, whose heats of formation are calculated with large errors at the CBS-4 level, in comparison also with the CBS-4M version, justify our approach.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||Complete basis set model chemistry applied to molecules of increasing molecular complexity: Thermochemical properties of organic sulfur derivatives|
|Autori:||Benassi R; Taddei F|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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