Boronic acids bearing appropriate side chains are good inhibitors of serine amidohydrolases.The boron usually adopts a tetrahedral conformation, bound to the nucleophilic serine of theactive site and mimicking the transition state of the enzymatic reaction. We have solved the structuresof complexes of a penicillin-binding protein, the DD-peptidase from Actinomadura sp. R39, with fouramidomethylboronic acids (2,6-dimethoxybenzamidomethylboronic acid, phenylacetamidomethylboronicacid, 2-chlorobenzamidomethylboronic acid, and 2-nitrobenzamidomethylboronic acid) andthe pinacol ester derived from phenylacetamidomethylboronic acid. We found that, in each case, theboron forms a tricovalent adduct with Oγ of Ser49, Ser298, and the terminal amine group of Lys410,three key residues involved in the catalytic mechanism of penicillin-binding proteins. This representsthe first tricovalent enzymeinhibitor adducts observed by crystallography. In two of the five R39-boronate structures, the boronic acid is found as a tricovalent adduct in two monomers of the asymmetric unit and as amonocovalent adduct with the active serine in the two remaining monomers of the asymmetric unit. Formation of the tricovalentcomplex from a classical monocovalent complex may involve rotation around the Ser49 CRCβ bond to place the boron in aposition to interact with Ser298 and Lys410, and a twisting of the side-chain amide such that its carbonyl oxygen is able to hydrogenbond to the oxyanion hole NH of Thr413. Biphasic kinetics were observed in three of the five cases, and details of the reactionbetween R39 and 2,6-dimethoxybenzamidomethylboronic acid were studied. Observation of biphasic kinetics was not, however,thought to be correlated to formation of tricovalent complexes, assuming that the latter do form in solution. On the basis of thecrystallographic and kinetic results, a reaction scheme for this unexpected inhibition by boronic acids is proposed.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Titolo:||Unexpected tricovalent binding mode of boronic acids within the active site of a penicillin binding protein|
|Autore/i:||A. Zervosen; R. Herman; F. Kerff; A. Herman; A. André; F. Prati; R.F. Pratt; J.M. Frère; B. Joris; A. Luxen; P. Charlier; E. Sauvage|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/ja200696y|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000293113200035|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-79960260060|
|Citazione:||Unexpected tricovalent binding mode of boronic acids within the active site of a penicillin binding protein / A. Zervosen; R. Herman; F. Kerff; A. Herman; A. André; F. Prati; R.F. Pratt; J.M. Frère; B. Joris; A. Luxen; P. Charlier; E. Sauvage. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0002-7863. - STAMPA. - 133(2011), pp. 10839-10848.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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