The Ras superfamily comprises many guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) that are essential to intracellular signal transduction. The guanine nucleotide-dependent intrinsic flexibility patterns of five G proteins were investigated in atomic detail through Molecular Dynamics simulations of the GDP- and GTP-bound states (S(GDP) and S(GTP), respectively). For all the considered systems, the intrinsic flexibility of S(GDP) was higher than that of S(GTP), suggesting that Guanine Exchange Factor (GEF) recognition and nucleotide switch require higher amplitude motions than effector recognition or GTP hydrolysis. Functional mode, dynamic domain, and interaction energy correlation analyses highlighted significant differences in the dynamics of small G proteins and Galpha proteins, especially in the inactive state. Indeed, S(GDP) of Galpha(t), is characterized by a more extensive energy coupling between nucleotide binding site and distal regions involved in GEF recognition compared to small G proteins, which attenuates in the active state. Moreover, mechanically distinct domains implicated in nucleotide switch could be detected in the presence of GDP but not in the presence of GTP. Finally, in small G proteins, functional modes are more detectable in the inactive state than in the active one and involve changes in solvent exposure of two highly conserved amino acids in switches I and II involved in GEF recognition. The average solvent exposure of these amino acids correlates in turn with the rate of GDP release, suggesting for them either direct or indirect roles in the process of nucleotide switch. Collectively, nucleotide binding changes the information flow through the conserved Ras-like domain, where GDP enhances the flexibility of mechanically distinct portions involved in nucleotide switch, and favors long distance allosteric communication (in Galpha proteins), compared to GTP.
Nucleotide binding switches the information flow in ras GTPases / Raimondi, Francesco; G., Portella; M., Orozco; Fanelli, Francesca. - In: PLOS COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1553-7358. - ELETTRONICO. - 7:(2011), pp. e1001098-e1001098. [10.1371/journal.pcbi.1001098]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Titolo:||Nucleotide binding switches the information flow in ras GTPases|
|Autore/i:||Raimondi, Francesco; G., Portella; M., Orozco; Fanelli, Francesca|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1001098|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000288995500006|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-79953648564|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||21390270|
|Citazione:||Nucleotide binding switches the information flow in ras GTPases / Raimondi, Francesco; G., Portella; M., Orozco; Fanelli, Francesca. - In: PLOS COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1553-7358. - ELETTRONICO. - 7:(2011), pp. e1001098-e1001098. [10.1371/journal.pcbi.1001098]|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris