Lexical-semantic competency in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) epsilon4 carriers was used as an endophenotype, and gray matter volume in MCI epsilon4 carriers/noncarriers and in noncarrier controls was compared. Residual gray matter volumes were correlated with age of acquisition values for words from a category fluency task, an index of semantic competency. MCI patients had significantly impoverished lexical-semantic output compared with controls, more marked in MCI epsilon4 carriers. Smaller volumes in the left hippocampus, bilateral regions of the uncus, and posterior cingulate cortex were associated with a tendency to retrieve earlier acquired words in the category fluency task in MCI epsilon4 carriers, whereas poor semantic performance in MCI noncarriers was associated with smaller volumes in the left uncus, bilateral regions of the parahippocampal gyrus, and hippocampus, and also in a large number of neocortical regions. There was a significant semantic competency by genotype interaction in the left perirhinal cortex, in a number of left frontal and temporal areas and in the right inferior parietal lobule and precuneus. MCI epsilon4 carriers, when compared with noncarriers, had lower gray matter volume values confined to the right precuneus and the cerebellum bilaterally, but the converse comparison showed that MCI noncarriers had lower values in extensive frontal, temporal, and parietal regions of the neocortex. Similar brain volumetric variations linked to genotype were found in minimal-to-mild AD. The results suggest a relatively specific impact of apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 burden and underline the value of linguistic assessment in preclinical diagnosis.

The Neuroanatomical Substrate of Lexical-Semantic Decline in MCI APOE epsilon4 Carriers and Noncarriers / Venneri, Annalena; W. J., Mcgeown; R., Biundo; Mion, Marco; Nichelli, Paolo Frigio; M. F., Shanks. - In: ALZHEIMER DISEASE & ASSOCIATED DISORDERS. - ISSN 0893-0341. - STAMPA. - 25:(2011), pp. 230-241. [10.1097/WAD.0b013e318206f88c]

The Neuroanatomical Substrate of Lexical-Semantic Decline in MCI APOE epsilon4 Carriers and Noncarriers

VENNERI, Annalena;MION, Marco;NICHELLI, Paolo Frigio;
2011

Abstract

Lexical-semantic competency in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) epsilon4 carriers was used as an endophenotype, and gray matter volume in MCI epsilon4 carriers/noncarriers and in noncarrier controls was compared. Residual gray matter volumes were correlated with age of acquisition values for words from a category fluency task, an index of semantic competency. MCI patients had significantly impoverished lexical-semantic output compared with controls, more marked in MCI epsilon4 carriers. Smaller volumes in the left hippocampus, bilateral regions of the uncus, and posterior cingulate cortex were associated with a tendency to retrieve earlier acquired words in the category fluency task in MCI epsilon4 carriers, whereas poor semantic performance in MCI noncarriers was associated with smaller volumes in the left uncus, bilateral regions of the parahippocampal gyrus, and hippocampus, and also in a large number of neocortical regions. There was a significant semantic competency by genotype interaction in the left perirhinal cortex, in a number of left frontal and temporal areas and in the right inferior parietal lobule and precuneus. MCI epsilon4 carriers, when compared with noncarriers, had lower gray matter volume values confined to the right precuneus and the cerebellum bilaterally, but the converse comparison showed that MCI noncarriers had lower values in extensive frontal, temporal, and parietal regions of the neocortex. Similar brain volumetric variations linked to genotype were found in minimal-to-mild AD. The results suggest a relatively specific impact of apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 burden and underline the value of linguistic assessment in preclinical diagnosis.
25
230
241
The Neuroanatomical Substrate of Lexical-Semantic Decline in MCI APOE epsilon4 Carriers and Noncarriers / Venneri, Annalena; W. J., Mcgeown; R., Biundo; Mion, Marco; Nichelli, Paolo Frigio; M. F., Shanks. - In: ALZHEIMER DISEASE & ASSOCIATED DISORDERS. - ISSN 0893-0341. - STAMPA. - 25:(2011), pp. 230-241. [10.1097/WAD.0b013e318206f88c]
Venneri, Annalena; W. J., Mcgeown; R., Biundo; Mion, Marco; Nichelli, Paolo Frigio; M. F., Shanks
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/683665
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