A high-resolution online reverse-phase-high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC)-fluorescence detector (Fd)-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) separation and structural characterization of disaccharides prepared from heparin (Hep), heparan sulfate (HS), and various low-molecular-weight (LMW)-Hep using heparin lyases and derivatization with 2-aminoacridone (AMAC) are described. A total of 12 commercially available Hep/HS-derived unsaturated disaccharides were separated and unambiguously identified on the basis of their retention times and mass spectra. The constituent disaccharides of various samples, including unfractionated Hep/HS, fast-moving and slow-moving Hep components, and several marketed products, were characterized. Furthermore, for the first time, the saturated trisulfated disaccharide belonging to the nonreducing end of Heps was detected as being approximately 2% in unfractionated samples and ~15-21% in LMW-Heps prepared by nitrous acid depolymerization. No desalting of the commercial products prior to enzymatic digestion or prepurification steps to eliminate any excess of AMAC reagent or interference from proteins, peptides, and other sample impurities before RP-HPLC-Fd-ESI-MS injection were necessary. This method has applicability for the rapid differentiation of pharmaceutical Heps and LMW-Heps prepared by means of different depolymerization processes and for compositional analysis of small amounts of samples derived from biological sources by using the highly sensitive fluorescence detector.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Titolo:||On-line RP-HPLC-Fluorescence detection-ESI-MS separation and characterization of heparan sulfate, heparin and LMW-heparin disaccharides derivatized with 2-aminoacridone|
|Autori:||Galeotti F; Volpi N.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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