Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is the most abundant neutrophil enzyme and catalyzes predominantly the twoelectron oxidation of ubiquitous chloride to generate the potent bleaching hypochlorous acid, thus contributing to pathogen killing as well as inflammatory diseases. Its catalytic properties are closely related with unique posttranslational modifications of its prosthetic group. In MPO, modified heme b is covalently bound to the protein via two ester linkages and one sulfonium ion linkage with a strong impact on its(electronic) structure and biophysical and chemical properties.Here, the thermodynamics of the one-electron reduction of the ferric heme in wild-type recombinant MPO and variants withdisrupted heme−protein bonds (M243V, E242Q, and D94V) have been investigated by thin-layer spectroelectrochemistry. Itturns out that neither the oligomeric structure nor the N-terminal extension in recombinant MPO modifies the peculiar positivereduction potential (E°′ = 0.001 V at 25 °C and pH 7.0) or the enthalpy or entropy of the Fe(III) to Fe(II) reduction. Bycontrast, upon disruption of the MPO−typical sulfonium ion linkage, the reduction potential is significantly lower (−0.182 V).The M243V mutant has an enthalpically stabilized ferric state, whereas its ferrous form is entropically favored because of the loss of rigidity of the distal H-bonding network. Exchange of an adjacent ester bond (E242Q) induced similar but less pronouncedeffects (E°′ = −0.094 V), whereas in the D94V variant (E°′ = −0.060 V), formation of the ferrous state is entropically disfavored.These findings are discussed with respect to the chlorination and bromination activity of the wild-type protein and the mutants.

Influence of the Covalent Heme−Protein Bonds on the RedoxThermodynamics of Human Myeloperoxidase / Battistuzzi, Gianantonio; J., Stampler; Bellei, Marzia; J., Vlasits; M., Soudi; P. G., Furtmüller; C., Obinger. - In: BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0006-2960. - STAMPA. - 50:(2011), pp. 7987-7994. [10.1021/bi2008432]

Influence of the Covalent Heme−Protein Bonds on the RedoxThermodynamics of Human Myeloperoxidase

BATTISTUZZI, Gianantonio;BELLEI, Marzia;
2011

Abstract

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is the most abundant neutrophil enzyme and catalyzes predominantly the twoelectron oxidation of ubiquitous chloride to generate the potent bleaching hypochlorous acid, thus contributing to pathogen killing as well as inflammatory diseases. Its catalytic properties are closely related with unique posttranslational modifications of its prosthetic group. In MPO, modified heme b is covalently bound to the protein via two ester linkages and one sulfonium ion linkage with a strong impact on its(electronic) structure and biophysical and chemical properties.Here, the thermodynamics of the one-electron reduction of the ferric heme in wild-type recombinant MPO and variants withdisrupted heme−protein bonds (M243V, E242Q, and D94V) have been investigated by thin-layer spectroelectrochemistry. Itturns out that neither the oligomeric structure nor the N-terminal extension in recombinant MPO modifies the peculiar positivereduction potential (E°′ = 0.001 V at 25 °C and pH 7.0) or the enthalpy or entropy of the Fe(III) to Fe(II) reduction. Bycontrast, upon disruption of the MPO−typical sulfonium ion linkage, the reduction potential is significantly lower (−0.182 V).The M243V mutant has an enthalpically stabilized ferric state, whereas its ferrous form is entropically favored because of the loss of rigidity of the distal H-bonding network. Exchange of an adjacent ester bond (E242Q) induced similar but less pronouncedeffects (E°′ = −0.094 V), whereas in the D94V variant (E°′ = −0.060 V), formation of the ferrous state is entropically disfavored.These findings are discussed with respect to the chlorination and bromination activity of the wild-type protein and the mutants.
50
7987
7994
Influence of the Covalent Heme−Protein Bonds on the RedoxThermodynamics of Human Myeloperoxidase / Battistuzzi, Gianantonio; J., Stampler; Bellei, Marzia; J., Vlasits; M., Soudi; P. G., Furtmüller; C., Obinger. - In: BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0006-2960. - STAMPA. - 50:(2011), pp. 7987-7994. [10.1021/bi2008432]
Battistuzzi, Gianantonio; J., Stampler; Bellei, Marzia; J., Vlasits; M., Soudi; P. G., Furtmüller; C., Obinger
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/665445
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