Since it was introduced at the end of the ‘60s, the 45S5 Bioglass1 has played a fundamental role among the materials for orthopedic applications because of its ability to build a stable bond with the surrounding bone. The recent development of bone tissue engineering has led the interest of many scientists in the design of Bioglass1-based scaffolds, i.e. porous systems able to drive and foster the bone tissue regrowth. Among the available techniques to realize scaffolds, the polymer burning out method, which employs organic particles as pore generating agents in a ceramic matrix, combines versatility and low cost. In spite of the advantages of the polymer burning out method, this technique has been rarely applied to 45S5 Bioglass1 and a systematic feasibility study has not been carried out on this issue yet. In order to ﬁll this gap, in the present contribution the polymer burning out method was employed to design macroporous scaffolds based on 45S5 Bioglass1. Different amounts of organic phase were used to obtain samples with different porosity. The samples were characterized from a microstructural point of view, in order to evaluate the pore morphology, dimension and degree of interconnectivity. Such ﬁndings proved that a proper setting of the processing parameters made it possible to achieve very high porosity values, among the best ones obtained in the literature with the same technique, together with an appreciable mechanical behaviour, according to compression tests. Finally, the scaffolds bioactivity was assessed by means of in vitro tests in a simulated body ﬂuid (SBF) solution. Moreover, in the view of a potential application for bone tissue engineering, a preliminary biological evaluation of the obtained scaffolds to sustain cell proliferation was carried out.
Macroporous Bioglass® -derived glass scaffolds for bone tissue regeneration / Bellucci, Devis; Cannillo, Valeria; Sola, Antonella; F., Chiellini; M., Gazzarri; C., Migone. - In: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0272-8842. - STAMPA. - 37:(2011), pp. 1575-1585. [10.1016/j.ceramint.2011.01.023]