Background and aim The Mediterranean diet (MedD) has long been associated with lower incidence of cardiovascular disease. Little information is available on association between MedD, vitamins intake and arrhythmias. We sought to investigate the relationship between adherence to MedD, antioxidants intake and spontaneous conversion of atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods and Results A group of 800 subjects was included in a case-control study; 400 of them had a first detected episode of AF. Nutritional parameters were assessed by a self-administered food frequency validated questionnaire and completed by an interviewer-administered 7 days diet recall. Adherence to MedD was evaluated using the Mediterranean Score and intake of antioxidants from food was calculated. Adherence to the Med Diet was lower in patients that developed AF compared to control (mean Med Score: 22.3 ± 3.1 vs 27.9 ± 5.6; p < 0.001). The median value was 23.5 (Q1-Q3 range 23–30) in patients with AF and 27.4 (Q1-Q3 range 26–33). The estimated intake of total antioxidants was lower in patients with AF (13.5 ± 8.3 vs 18.2 ± 9.4 mmol/d; p < 0.001). Patients in the highest quartile of Mediterranean Score had higher probability of spontaneous conversion of atrial fibrillation (OR1.9; 95%CI 1.58–2.81). High levels of antioxidants intake were also associated with an increasing probability of spontaneous conversion of arrhythmia (O.R. 1.8; 95%CI 1.56–2.99; P < 0.01). Conclusions Patients with atrial fibrillation had lower adherence to MedD and lower antioxidant intake compared to control population. Moreover patients with arrhythmia showing a higher Med Score had more probability of a spontaneous conversion of atrial fibrillation.

Adherence To Mediterranean Diet And Intake Of Antioxidants Influence Spontaneous Conversion Of atrial Fibrillation / Mattioli, Anna Vittoria; Miloro, C; Pennella, Sonia; Pedrazzi, Patrizia; Farinetti, Alberto. - In: NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. - ISSN 0939-4753. - STAMPA. - 23:2(2013), pp. 115-121. [10.1016/j.numecd.2011.03.005]

Adherence To Mediterranean Diet And Intake Of Antioxidants Influence Spontaneous Conversion Of atrial Fibrillation

MATTIOLI, Anna Vittoria;PENNELLA, SONIA;PEDRAZZI, Patrizia;FARINETTI, Alberto
2013

Abstract

Background and aim The Mediterranean diet (MedD) has long been associated with lower incidence of cardiovascular disease. Little information is available on association between MedD, vitamins intake and arrhythmias. We sought to investigate the relationship between adherence to MedD, antioxidants intake and spontaneous conversion of atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods and Results A group of 800 subjects was included in a case-control study; 400 of them had a first detected episode of AF. Nutritional parameters were assessed by a self-administered food frequency validated questionnaire and completed by an interviewer-administered 7 days diet recall. Adherence to MedD was evaluated using the Mediterranean Score and intake of antioxidants from food was calculated. Adherence to the Med Diet was lower in patients that developed AF compared to control (mean Med Score: 22.3 ± 3.1 vs 27.9 ± 5.6; p < 0.001). The median value was 23.5 (Q1-Q3 range 23–30) in patients with AF and 27.4 (Q1-Q3 range 26–33). The estimated intake of total antioxidants was lower in patients with AF (13.5 ± 8.3 vs 18.2 ± 9.4 mmol/d; p < 0.001). Patients in the highest quartile of Mediterranean Score had higher probability of spontaneous conversion of atrial fibrillation (OR1.9; 95%CI 1.58–2.81). High levels of antioxidants intake were also associated with an increasing probability of spontaneous conversion of arrhythmia (O.R. 1.8; 95%CI 1.56–2.99; P < 0.01). Conclusions Patients with atrial fibrillation had lower adherence to MedD and lower antioxidant intake compared to control population. Moreover patients with arrhythmia showing a higher Med Score had more probability of a spontaneous conversion of atrial fibrillation.
23
2
115
121
Adherence To Mediterranean Diet And Intake Of Antioxidants Influence Spontaneous Conversion Of atrial Fibrillation / Mattioli, Anna Vittoria; Miloro, C; Pennella, Sonia; Pedrazzi, Patrizia; Farinetti, Alberto. - In: NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. - ISSN 0939-4753. - STAMPA. - 23:2(2013), pp. 115-121. [10.1016/j.numecd.2011.03.005]
Mattioli, Anna Vittoria; Miloro, C; Pennella, Sonia; Pedrazzi, Patrizia; Farinetti, Alberto
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
bozze nutrition 2011.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Versione dell'editore (versione pubblicata)
Dimensione 201.27 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
201.27 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/649214
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 13
  • Scopus 47
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 41
social impact