A recent restoration of late 16th-century mosaics in one of the vaults beneath the dome of St Peter’s Basilica in Rome allowed sampling and analysis of a group of glass tesserae. The aimof this work is the characterization of opaque coloured glasses possibly produced in Rome.The characteristics of the glass from St Peter’s were compared with those of Venetian and Tuscan production, in order to assess possible common origins. Chemical analysis of 30 samples was carried out by electron microprobe, while the nature and morphology of opacifiers were determined by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Almost all the opaque samples were characterized by the presence of SnO2 crystals. In addition, depending on the colour of the glass, other crystalline phases were identified: lead-tin oxide (PbSnO3) in yellow glass, cuprite (Cu2O) in orange glass and two calcium-tin silicates with differentstoichiometry (CaSnSiO5 and Ca3SnSi2O9) in the green-yellow variety. A frame of reference for identifying raw materials and glass-making techniques is provided by textual sources, hereexamined in comparison with the compositional characteristics of the tesserae from St Peter’s.

MOSAIC GLASS FROM ST PETER’S, ROME:MANUFACTURING TECHNIQUES AND RAW MATERIALSEMPLOYED IN LATE 16TH-CENTURY ITALIANOPAQUE GLASS / Rossella, Arletti; Vezzalini, Maria Giovanna; Cesare, Fiori; Mariangela, Vandini; Arletti, Rossella. - In: ARCHAEOMETRY. - ISSN 0003-813X. - STAMPA. - 53:2(2011), pp. 364-386. [10.1111/j.1475-4754.2010.00538.x]

MOSAIC GLASS FROM ST PETER’S, ROME:MANUFACTURING TECHNIQUES AND RAW MATERIALSEMPLOYED IN LATE 16TH-CENTURY ITALIANOPAQUE GLASS

VEZZALINI, Maria Giovanna;ARLETTI, Rossella
2011

Abstract

A recent restoration of late 16th-century mosaics in one of the vaults beneath the dome of St Peter’s Basilica in Rome allowed sampling and analysis of a group of glass tesserae. The aimof this work is the characterization of opaque coloured glasses possibly produced in Rome.The characteristics of the glass from St Peter’s were compared with those of Venetian and Tuscan production, in order to assess possible common origins. Chemical analysis of 30 samples was carried out by electron microprobe, while the nature and morphology of opacifiers were determined by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Almost all the opaque samples were characterized by the presence of SnO2 crystals. In addition, depending on the colour of the glass, other crystalline phases were identified: lead-tin oxide (PbSnO3) in yellow glass, cuprite (Cu2O) in orange glass and two calcium-tin silicates with differentstoichiometry (CaSnSiO5 and Ca3SnSi2O9) in the green-yellow variety. A frame of reference for identifying raw materials and glass-making techniques is provided by textual sources, hereexamined in comparison with the compositional characteristics of the tesserae from St Peter’s.
2011
53
2
364
386
MOSAIC GLASS FROM ST PETER’S, ROME:MANUFACTURING TECHNIQUES AND RAW MATERIALSEMPLOYED IN LATE 16TH-CENTURY ITALIANOPAQUE GLASS / Rossella, Arletti; Vezzalini, Maria Giovanna; Cesare, Fiori; Mariangela, Vandini; Arletti, Rossella. - In: ARCHAEOMETRY. - ISSN 0003-813X. - STAMPA. - 53:2(2011), pp. 364-386. [10.1111/j.1475-4754.2010.00538.x]
Rossella, Arletti; Vezzalini, Maria Giovanna; Cesare, Fiori; Mariangela, Vandini; Arletti, Rossella
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/648613
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