In literature, there is a paucity of information about the management of the subsequent pregnancy after stillbirth (SB). we undertook a systematic review of the literature focusing on the evidence for antenatal interventions with the potential to prevent SB and we try to summarise the management of the pregnancy subsequent to a SB. The diverse interventions and their efficacy will be reported according to the possible causes and/or conditions associated to the previous SB. Few of the studies reported SB as an outcome and the evidence was frequently conflicting. Several interventions showed clear evidence of impact on SB, including the scrupulous control of blood sugar by using multiple doses of insulin, frequent antenatal foetal monitoring and timing of delivery in diabetic women; the prophylaxis with low dose of aspirin in high-risk women; or serial sonograms for foetal growth, Doppler studies and antepartum foetal testing in women with previous growth restricted foetus. Other interventions instead reduced know risk factors for SB but failed to show statistically significant impact on SB rate. Overall, early access to care, at least three ultrasounds examinations, screening for the main pregnancy-related disorders and timely delivery are the milestone of appropriate antenatal care in women with previous SB.
Management of subsequent pregnancy after antepartum stillbirth. A review / Monari, Francesca; Facchinetti, Fabio. - In: THE JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1476-4954. - STAMPA. - 23:(2010), pp. 1073-1084. [10.3109/14767051003678036]