The High-Velocity Suspension Flame Spraying (HVSFS) technique was employed in order to deposit bioactive glass coatings onto titanium substrates. Two different glass compositions were examined: the classical 45S5 Bioglass and a newly-developed SiO 2 –CaO–K 2 O–P 2 O 5 glass, labelled as "Bio-K". Suitable raw materials were melted in a furnace and fritted by casting into water. The frit was dry-milled in a porcelain jar and subsequently attrition-milled in isopropanol. The resulting micron-sized powders were dispersed in a water+isopropanol mixture, in order to prepare suitable suspensions for the HVSFS process. The deposition parameters were varied; however, all coatings were obtained by performing three consecutive torch cycles in front of the substrate. The thickness and porosity of the coatings were significantly affected by the chosen set of deposition parameters; however, in all cases, the layer produced during the third torch cycle was thicker and denser than the one produced during the first cycle. As the system temperature increases during the spraying process, the particles sprayed during the last torch cycle remain at T > Tg while they spread, so that interlamellar viscous flow sintering takes place, favouring the formation of such denser microstructure. Both coatings are entirely glassy; however, micro-Raman spectroscopy reveals that, whereas the 45S5 coating is structurally identical to the corresponding bulk glass, the "Bio-K" coating is somewhat different from the bulk one.
Processing and characterisation of High-Velocity Suspension Flame Sprayed (HVSFS) bioactive glass coatings / Bolelli, Giovanni; Cannillo, Valeria; R., Gadow; A., Killinger; Lusvarghi, Luca; J., Rauch; Sola, Antonella. - STAMPA. - (2009), pp. 113-121.