The currently accepted definition classifies Cerebral Palsy (CP) as a mere posture andmovement disorder. Conversely, some authors have recently associated the presence of several motordysfunctions exhibited by diplegic children with CP to an impairment in the perceptive system. Theaim of the present study was to investigate the influence of the Perceptive Impairment (PI) on motorcontrol and to appraise if the PI can be revealed by a reaching task.A functional reach and touch experiment was accomplished from sitting posture considering differentdirections and distances. Typically developing and diplegic children with CP were enrolled and, thelatter, a priori divided in two subgroups considering a positive or negative diagnosis of PI. Thereaching trials were quantified by means of centre of pressure analysis in terms of the overall qualityof the task, and accuracy and effectiveness of postural adjustments and Anticipatory PosturalAdjustments (APAs).The three groups showed statistically significant differences in terms of percentage of touched target,and of time spent and maximum distance covered to reach the target. In particular, PI caused a majordifficulty in accomplishing the reaching tasks, thus a lower autonomy level in action. Overall, the PIstrongly affected the anticipatory control system. Children with PI, rarely recruited APAs, each ofwhich was characterized by small amplitude and inaccuracy in direction. The lack of effective APAsindicated how PI strongly influenced the motor control strategy.The present study demonstrates that the PI is a primary syndrome responsible for the long-termprognosis beside the motor and the postural disorders in CP

The currently accepted definition classifies Cerebral Palsy (CP) as a mere posture and movement disorder. Conversely, some authors have recently associated the presence of several motor dysfunctions exhibited by diplegic children with CP to an impairment in the perceptive system. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of the Perceptive Impairment (PI) on motor control and to appraise if the PI can be revealed by a reaching task.A functional reach and touch experiment was accomplished from sitting posture considering different directions and distances. Typically developing and diplegic children with CP were enrolled and, the latter, a priori divided in two subgroups considering a positive or negative diagnosis of PI. The reaching trials were quantified by means of centre of pressure analysis in terms of the overall quality of the task, and accuracy and effectiveness of postural adjustments and Anticipatory Postural Adjustments (APAs).The three groups showed statistically significant differences in terms of percentage of touched target, and of time spent and maximum distance covered to reach the target. In particular, PI caused a major difficulty in accomplishing the reaching tasks, thus a lower autonomy level in action. Overall, the PI strongly affected the anticipatory control system. Children with PI, rarely recruited APAs, each of which was characterized by small amplitude and inaccuracy in direction. The lack of effective APAs indicated how PI strongly influenced the motor control strategy.The present study demonstrates that the PI is a primary syndrome responsible for the long-term prognosis beside the motor and the postural disorders in CP. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Functional reaching discloses perceptive impairment in diplegic children with cerebral palsy / Adriano, Ferrari; Tersi, Luca; Ferrari, Alberto; Sghedoni, Alice; Chiari, Lorenzo. - In: GAIT & POSTURE. - ISSN 0966-6362. - ELETTRONICO. - 32:2(2010), pp. 253-258. [10.1016/j.gaitpost.2010.05.010]

Functional reaching discloses perceptive impairment in diplegic children with cerebral palsy

Alberto Ferrari;
2010

Abstract

The currently accepted definition classifies Cerebral Palsy (CP) as a mere posture andmovement disorder. Conversely, some authors have recently associated the presence of several motordysfunctions exhibited by diplegic children with CP to an impairment in the perceptive system. Theaim of the present study was to investigate the influence of the Perceptive Impairment (PI) on motorcontrol and to appraise if the PI can be revealed by a reaching task.A functional reach and touch experiment was accomplished from sitting posture considering differentdirections and distances. Typically developing and diplegic children with CP were enrolled and, thelatter, a priori divided in two subgroups considering a positive or negative diagnosis of PI. Thereaching trials were quantified by means of centre of pressure analysis in terms of the overall qualityof the task, and accuracy and effectiveness of postural adjustments and Anticipatory PosturalAdjustments (APAs).The three groups showed statistically significant differences in terms of percentage of touched target,and of time spent and maximum distance covered to reach the target. In particular, PI caused a majordifficulty in accomplishing the reaching tasks, thus a lower autonomy level in action. Overall, the PIstrongly affected the anticipatory control system. Children with PI, rarely recruited APAs, each ofwhich was characterized by small amplitude and inaccuracy in direction. The lack of effective APAsindicated how PI strongly influenced the motor control strategy.The present study demonstrates that the PI is a primary syndrome responsible for the long-termprognosis beside the motor and the postural disorders in CP
32
2
253
258
Functional reaching discloses perceptive impairment in diplegic children with cerebral palsy / Adriano, Ferrari; Tersi, Luca; Ferrari, Alberto; Sghedoni, Alice; Chiari, Lorenzo. - In: GAIT & POSTURE. - ISSN 0966-6362. - ELETTRONICO. - 32:2(2010), pp. 253-258. [10.1016/j.gaitpost.2010.05.010]
Adriano, Ferrari; Tersi, Luca; Ferrari, Alberto; Sghedoni, Alice; Chiari, Lorenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/644497
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