The dynamics of the dissociation of the benzyl chloride radical anion to a benzyl radical and chloride anion was studied theoretically. To this end two different conformations of benzyl chloride were examined: one featuring a 90 degrees angle between the Cl-C bond and the aromatic ring (conformation S), the other with the Cl-C bond and the aromatic moiety lying coplanar (conformation E). The potential-energy (PE) surface shows the existence of a conical intersection when studied as a function of the C-Cl bond length and of the rotation angle around the C(sp(2))-C(sp(3)) bond. Information on the dynamics of this process was obtained using the dynamic reaction coordinate (DRC) algorithm for tracing reaction paths. The DRC method shows a qualitative difference in the dissociation mechanism of the two conformers. The lifetime of conformation E depends on the amount of kinetic energy assigned to the internal rotational mode motion, whereas that of conformation S does not. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
On the dissociation dynamics of the benzyl chloride radical anion. An ab initio dynamic reaction coordinate analysis study / Fontanesi, Claudio; Baraldi, Pietro; Marcaccio, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR STRUCTURE. THEOCHEM. - ISSN 0166-1280. - 548:1-3(2001), pp. 13-20. [10.1016/S0166-1280(00)00863-0]