We demonstrated previously that rat tyrosine phosphatase r-PTPeta expression was suppressed in rat and human thyroid neoplastic cells, and that restoration of r-PTPeta expression reverted the malignant phenotype. To investigate the potential of this gene for cancer therapy, we generated an adenovirus carrying the r-PTPeta cDNA (Ad-r-PTPeta). This virus infected human thyroid carcinoma cells and overexpressed the r-PTPeta protein. Overexpression of r-PTPeta significantly inhibited the growth of four thyroid carcinoma cell lines. Cell growth inhibition was associated with down-regulation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 activity, with increased levels of the cell-cycle inhibitor p27(kip1) protein and with dephosphorylation of PLCgamma1, a substrate of DEP-1, the human homologue of r-PTPeta. Finally, the growth of xenograft tumors induced in athymic mice by anaplastic thyroid carcinoma ARO cells transduced with the Ad-r-PTPeta virus was drastically reduced. These data suggest that gene therapy based on restoration of PTPeta function has potential in the treatment of human thyroid malignant neoplasias.

An adenovirus carrying the rat protein tyrosine phosphatase eta suppresses the growth of human thyroid carcinoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo / R., Iuliano; F., Trapasso; I. L., Pera; Schepis, Filippo; I., Samà; A., Clodomiro; K. R., Dumon; M., Santoro; L., Chiariotti; G., Viglietto; A., Fusco. - In: CANCER RESEARCH. - ISSN 0008-5472. - STAMPA. - 63:(2003), pp. 882-886.

An adenovirus carrying the rat protein tyrosine phosphatase eta suppresses the growth of human thyroid carcinoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo.

SCHEPIS, Filippo;
2003

Abstract

We demonstrated previously that rat tyrosine phosphatase r-PTPeta expression was suppressed in rat and human thyroid neoplastic cells, and that restoration of r-PTPeta expression reverted the malignant phenotype. To investigate the potential of this gene for cancer therapy, we generated an adenovirus carrying the r-PTPeta cDNA (Ad-r-PTPeta). This virus infected human thyroid carcinoma cells and overexpressed the r-PTPeta protein. Overexpression of r-PTPeta significantly inhibited the growth of four thyroid carcinoma cell lines. Cell growth inhibition was associated with down-regulation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 activity, with increased levels of the cell-cycle inhibitor p27(kip1) protein and with dephosphorylation of PLCgamma1, a substrate of DEP-1, the human homologue of r-PTPeta. Finally, the growth of xenograft tumors induced in athymic mice by anaplastic thyroid carcinoma ARO cells transduced with the Ad-r-PTPeta virus was drastically reduced. These data suggest that gene therapy based on restoration of PTPeta function has potential in the treatment of human thyroid malignant neoplasias.
63
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886
An adenovirus carrying the rat protein tyrosine phosphatase eta suppresses the growth of human thyroid carcinoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo / R., Iuliano; F., Trapasso; I. L., Pera; Schepis, Filippo; I., Samà; A., Clodomiro; K. R., Dumon; M., Santoro; L., Chiariotti; G., Viglietto; A., Fusco. - In: CANCER RESEARCH. - ISSN 0008-5472. - STAMPA. - 63:(2003), pp. 882-886.
R., Iuliano; F., Trapasso; I. L., Pera; Schepis, Filippo; I., Samà; A., Clodomiro; K. R., Dumon; M., Santoro; L., Chiariotti; G., Viglietto; A., Fusco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/641254
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